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Semiconductor package having exposed heat dissipating surface and method of fabrication
Publication/Patent Number: US7151013B2 Publication Date: 2006-12-19 Application Number: 10/260,615 Filing Date: 2002-10-01 Inventor: Corisis, David J.   Brooks, Mike   Johnson, Mark S.   Kinsman, Larry D.   Assignee: Micron Technology, Inc.   IPC: H01L21/44 Abstract: A high density semiconductor package with thermally enhanced properties is described. The semiconductor package includes a pair of lead frames, each being attached to a respective semiconductor die. The dies are attached to respective lead frames via an adhering material, such as a tape. Further, the dies are each electrically connected to fingers of each lead frame. In one illustrated embodiment, the dies and portions of the fingers are encapsulated in such a way as to leave one surface of each die exposed. In another illustrated embodiment, heat dissipation for the semiconductor package occurs through exposed fingers of the lead frames which adhere semiconductor dies within a cavity located therebetween.
Semiconductor device having an integral resistance element
Publication/Patent Number: US7151038B2 Publication Date: 2006-12-19 Application Number: 11/059,818 Filing Date: 2005-02-17 Inventor: Ueda, Yoshinori   Assignee: Ricoh Company, Ltd.   IPC: H01L21/20 Abstract: A resistance element of a semiconductor device includes a first resistance pattern and a second resistance pattern formed adjacent to the first resistance pattern at a lower level, wherein the second resistance pattern is defined by the first resistance pattern in a self-aligned relationship and connected to the first resistance pattern in series.
Methods of forming semiconductor circuitry
Publication/Patent Number: US7151041B2 Publication Date: 2006-12-19 Application Number: 10/931,567 Filing Date: 2004-08-31 Inventor: Gonzalez, Fernando   Assignee: Micron Technology, Inc.   IPC: H01L21/76 Abstract: The invention includes a method of forming semiconductor circuitry wherein a first semiconductor structure comprising a first monocrystalline semiconductor substrate is bonded to a second semiconductor structure comprising a second monocrystalline semiconductor substrate. The first semiconductor substrate has a semiconductive material projection extending therefrom, and the second semiconductor substrate has an electrically conductive interconnect extending therethrough. The interconnect electrically connects with the semiconductive material projection, and comprises a different dopant type than the semiconductor material projection. The invention also includes a method of bonding a first monocrystalline semiconductor substrate construction to a second monocrystalline semiconductor substrate construction, wherein the first construction is doped to a first dopant type, and the second construction is doped to a second dopant type different from the first dopant type. The invention further includes methods of forming semiconductor logic circuitry, and includes semiconductor constructions, such as, for example, semiconductor logic circuitry constructions.
Structurally embedded intelligent power unit
Publication/Patent Number: US7150938B2 Publication Date: 2006-12-19 Application Number: 10/107,565 Filing Date: 2002-03-27 Inventor: Munshi, M. Zafar A.   Longhi, Jr. Alfred J.   Assignee: Lithium Power Technologies, Inc.   IPC: H01M10/02 Abstract: An electrical power system for a spacecraft or other vehicle or structure comprising a structural member containing an integrated solid-state power source is disclosed. The power source includes a solar cell system and an energy storage system that are combined into a single unit or package, and in certain embodiments, are configured into the shape of a flexible aerobot balloon or a rigid nanosat surface panel. The power components of a preferred lightweight power unit, include thinly layered photovoltaic cells, a rechargeable lithium solid polymer electrolyte battery, a capacitor, electronics and thermal management capability.
Polymeric material, containing a latent acid
Publication/Patent Number: US7150958B2 Publication Date: 2006-12-19 Application Number: 10/477,362 Filing Date: 2002-06-04 Inventor: Heneghan, Michael   Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corporation   IPC: G03F1/10 Abstract: Polymeric material, containing a latent acid which can be converted to an acid by irradiation by a laser and optionally further ingredients.
Assay methods and systems
Publication/Patent Number: US7150966B2 Publication Date: 2006-12-19 Application Number: 10/397,887 Filing Date: 2003-03-26 Inventor: Nikiforov, Theo T.   Assignee: Caliper Life Sciences, Inc.   IPC: C12Q1/68 Abstract: Methods, systems, kits for carrying out a wide variety of different assays that comprise providing a first reagent mixture which comprises a first reagent having a fluorescent label. A second reagent is introduced into the first reagent mixture to produce a second reagent mixture, where the second reagent reacts with the first reagent to produce a fluorescently labeled product having a substantially different charge than the first reagent. A polyion is introduced into at least one of the first and second reagent mixtures, and the fluorescent polarization in the second reagent mixture relative to the first reagent mixture is determined, this fluorescent polarization being indicative of the rate or extent of the reaction.
Methods of preparing dendritic cells with flt3-ligand and antigen
Publication/Patent Number: US7150992B1 Publication Date: 2006-12-19 Application Number: 09/699,923 Filing Date: 2000-10-30 Inventor: Lynch, David H.   Brasel, Kenneth A.   Mckenna, Hilary J.   Borges, Luis G.   Maliszewski, Charles R.   Maraskovsky, Eugene   Assignee: Innunex Corporation   IPC: C12N5/02 Abstract: Flt3-ligand can be used to generate large numbers of dendritic cells from hematopoietic progenitor and stem cells. Flt3-ligand can be used to augment immune responses in vivo, and expand dendritic cells ex vivo. Such dendritic cells can then be used to present tumor, viral or other antigens to naive T cells, can be useful as vaccine adjuvants. When flt3-L is used and/or administered in combination with other reactive agents, e.g. CD40 binding proteins and 4-1BBL or antibodies reactive with 4-1BB, the combination further enhances immune responses and the effectiveness of vaccine adjuvants.
Luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone for use in inducing folliculogenesis
Publication/Patent Number: US7151083B2 Publication Date: 2006-12-19 Application Number: 10/866,136 Filing Date: 2004-06-14 Inventor: Franks, Stephen   Hillier, Stephen   Assignee: Applied Research Systems ARS Holding N.V.   IPC: A61K38/00 Abstract: The present invention relates to the use of gonadotrophins in the induction of folliculogenesis in anovulatory women. In particular, it relates to the use of LH (or an equivalent dosage of hCG) in the production of a medicament for inducing folliculogenesis in anovulatory women at a specified daily doses. In certain embodiments, LH may be used in conjunction with FSH.
Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-17 and BMP-18 compositions
Publication/Patent Number: US7151086B2 Publication Date: 2006-12-19 Application Number: 10/228,808 Filing Date: 2002-08-26 Inventor: Celeste, Anthony J.   Murray, Beth L.   Assignee: Genetics Institute, LLC   IPC: A61K38/18 Abstract: Purified BMP-17 and BMP-18 proteins and processes for producing them are disclosed. DNA molecules encoding the BMP-17 and BMP-18 proteins are also disclosed. The proteins may be used in the treatment of bone, cartilage, other connective tissue defects and disorders, including tendon, ligament and meniscus, in wound healing and related tissue repair, as well as for treatment of disorders and defects to tissues which include epidermis, nerve, muscle, including cardiac muscle, and other tissues and wounds, and organs such as liver, lung, epithelium, brain, spleen, cardiac, pancreas and kidney tissue. The proteins may also be useful for the induction of growth and/or differentiation of undifferentiated embryonic and stem cells.
Methods and systems for point of care bodily fluid analysis
Publication/Patent Number: US7150995B2 Publication Date: 2006-12-19 Application Number: 10/759,547 Filing Date: 2004-01-16 Inventor: Xie, Zongcen Charles   Pierce, Jeffrey A.   Stivers, Carole R.   Assignee: Metrika, Inc.   IPC: G01N33/72 Abstract: The invention provides a system for quantitative measurement of percent glycated hemoglobin as hemoglobin A1c in whole blood having extended shelf life at room temperature. The system comprising a blood dilution solution and a device adapted for receiving at least a portion of diluted blood solution, for contacting the blood solution with a dry reagent system, for detecting a change in the reagent system and for providing an indication of the analytical result to the user, and the extended shelf life and the elimination of a requirement for refrigeration for storage is achieved by having the blood dilution solution which comprises a first surfactant for hemolysis and a second surfactant for stability. The system of this invention is useful in other analysis kits and systems as well.
Method for manufacturing wafer level chip stack package
Publication/Patent Number: US7151009B2 Publication Date: 2006-12-19 Application Number: 11/038,210 Filing Date: 2005-01-21 Inventor: Kim, Soon-bum   Kim, Ung-kwang   Lee, Kang-wook   Jeong, Se-young   Song, Young-hee   Sim, Sung-min   Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.   IPC: H01L21/44 Abstract: Provided is a method for manufacturing WLCSP devices that includes preparing at least two wafers, each wafer having a plurality of corresponding semiconductor chips, each semiconductor chip having through electrodes formed in the peripheral surface region, forming or applying a solid adhesive region to a central surface region, stacking a plurality of wafers and attaching corresponding chips provided on adjacent wafers with the solid adhesive region and connecting corresponding through electrodes of adjacent semiconductor chips, dividing the stacked wafers into individual chip stack packages, and injecting a liquid adhesive into a space remaining between adjacent semiconductor chips incorporated in the resulting chip stack package. By reducing the likelihood of void regions between adjacent semiconductor chips, it is expected that a method according to the exemplary embodiments of the present invention exhibit improved mechanical stability and reliability.
Use of benzoylalkyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridines
Publication/Patent Number: US7151107B2 Publication Date: 2006-12-19 Application Number: 11/135,998 Filing Date: 2005-05-24 Inventor: Baroni, Marco   Cardamone, Rosanna   Fournier, Jacqueline   Guzzi, Umberto   Ielmini, Alessandra   Assignee: Sanofi-aventis   IPC: A61K31/4418 Abstract: The invention relates to the use of compounds of formula for the preparation of medicines designed for the treatment of neuronal and cerebral disorders. The invention also relates to the compounds of formula: a process for their preparation and the pharmaceutical compositions containing them.
Curing composition and method for applying alkyd coating material with the same
Publication/Patent Number: US7151128B2 Publication Date: 2006-12-19 Application Number: 10/478,324 Filing Date: 2002-05-31 Inventor: Fujimoto, Toyohisa   Yano, Ayako   Hirose, Toshifumi   Assignee: Kaneka Corporation   IPC: C08F283/06 Abstract: An object of the present invention is to improve a drying property of paint in application of alkyd paint to the surface of a cured material resulting from the curable composition containing an oxyalkylene polymer having at least one silicon-containing functional group capable of cross-linking by formation of at least one siloxane bond, and to provide a composition that contains an oxyalkylene polymer (A) having at least one silicon-containing functional group capable of cross-linking by formation of at least one siloxane bond and 2,6-di-t-butylhydroxytoluene wherein the content of the above-described 2,6-di-t-butylhydroxytoluene is 350 ppm or less relative to the above-described polymer (A).
Polyurethane-modified copolymers, method for their production and the use thereof
Publication/Patent Number: US7151130B2 Publication Date: 2006-12-19 Application Number: 10/468,448 Filing Date: 2002-03-08 Inventor: Bremser, Wolfgang   Krüger, Thomas   Löcken, Wilma   Schwarte, Stephan   Rink, Heinz-peter   Assignee: BASF Coatings AG   IPC: C08J3/00 Abstract: Polyurethane-modified addition copolymers preparable by free-radically (co)polymerizing an olefinically unsaturated monomer (a) in an aqueous or nonaqueous medium comprising at least one reaction product (A/B) of (A) at least one addition copolymer containing on average per molecule at least 0.1 isocyanate-reactive functional groups and preparable by free-radical copolymerization of at least a) at least one olefinically unsaturated monomer and b) at least one olefinically unsaturated monomer different than the olefinically unsaturated monomer (a1) and of the general formula I R1R2C═CR3R4  (I)  in which the radicals R1, R2, R3, and R4 each independently of one another are hydrogen atoms or substituted or unsubstituted alkyl, cycloalkyl, alkylcycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, aryl, alkylaryl, cycloalkylaryl, arylalkyl or arylcycloalkyl radicals, with the proviso that at least two of the variables R1, R2, R3, and R4 are substituted or unsubstituted aryl, arylalkyl or arylcycloalkyl radicals, especially substituted or unsubstituted aryl radicals; in an aqueous medium or nonaqueous medium; and (B) at least one polyisocyanate; processes for preparing them, and their use.
Composition and media
Publication/Patent Number: US7151131B2 Publication Date: 2006-12-19 Application Number: 10/490,032 Filing Date: 2002-10-02 Inventor: Kenworthy, Mark   Yeates, Stephen George   Annable, Tom   Assignee: Fujifilm Imaging Colorants Limited   IPC: C08L39/00 Abstract: A coating composition comprising pigment, medium and a binder characterised in that (i) the binder comprises a cationic polymer comprising a repeat unit of Formula (1): wherein: X and Y are the same or different and represent divalent organic linking groups; and (ii) the weight ratio of pigment to binder in the composition is at least 2:1. The compositions are useful for preparing ink jet recording materials with good water resistance, print quality and dry time.
Pressure sensitive adhesive composition and sheet
Publication/Patent Number: US7151132B2 Publication Date: 2006-12-19 Application Number: 10/981,809 Filing Date: 2004-11-05 Inventor: Fukumoto, Shouichi   Iida, Hiroyuki   Assignee: Toyo Ink Manufacturing Co., Ltd.   IPC: C08L31/02 Abstract: A pressure sensitive adhesive composition comprising a copolymer and an isocyanate compound, without a substantial amount of a halogen compound, the copolymer being prepared by copolymerizing radical-polymerizable monomers essentially containing a radical-polymerizable monomer with a carboxyl group, using at least one chain transfer agent selected from a group consisting of α-pinene, limonene, and terpinolene, in the presence of at least one organic solvent selected from a group consisting of ethyl acetate, acetone, methyl ethyl ketone, and methyl isobutyl ketone, but in the absence of toluene, is disclosed.
Method for modeling optical fiber amplifiers
Publication/Patent Number: US7151631B2 Publication Date: 2006-12-19 Application Number: 10/497,881 Filing Date: 2002-12-06 Inventor: Ossikovski, Razvigor   Even, Patrick   Tallaron, Nicolas   Assignee: Highwave Optical Technologies   IPC: H01S3/00 Abstract: The present invention provides a method of modeling an optical fiber amplifier, the method being characterized in that it comprises the steps consisting in: establishing (100) the speed equations and the propagation equations of physical phenomena or effects involved in an optical fiber amplifier; obtaining (112) exact analytic solutions for the propagation equations of signals in the fiber, discretizing them, and interpolating them along the fiber; solving (120) the previously discretized speed equations by injecting into them solutions obtained from the propagation equations; and delivering (130) the performance parameters of the fiber in terms of amplification.
Apparatus for production of an inhomogeneously polarized optical beam for use in illumination and a method thereof
Publication/Patent Number: US7151632B2 Publication Date: 2006-12-19 Application Number: 09/759,913 Filing Date: 2001-01-12 Inventor: Biss, David P.   Brown, Thomas G.   Youngworth, Kathleen S.   Assignee: University of Rochester   IPC: G02B5/30 Abstract: An apparatus for producing an inhomogeneously polarized optical beam from a homogeneously polarized input optical beam includes a first phase shifter, a second phase shifter, and one or more polarization beam splitters. The first phase shifter shifts at least one portion of a first part of the input optical beam by a first phase. The second phase shifter shifts at least one portion of a second part of the input optical beam by substantially the first phase. The one or more polarization beam splitters split the input optical beam into the first part and the second part and combine the phase shifted portion and substantially all other portions of the first part of the input optical beam with the phase shifted portion and substantially all other portions of the second part of the input optical beam to produce the inhomogeneously polarized optical beam.
Planar waveguide reflective diffraction grating
Publication/Patent Number: US7151635B2 Publication Date: 2006-12-19 Application Number: 10/971,129 Filing Date: 2004-10-25 Inventor: Bidnyk, Serge   Balakrishnan, Ashok   Pearson, Matt   Assignee: Enablence, Inc.   IPC: G02B5/18 Abstract: The invention relates to a planar waveguide reflective diffraction grating for use in an optical device, such as a wavelength division multiplexer, providing an increased bandwidth over conventional planar waveguide reflection diffraction gratings while eliminating the polarization dependent loss (PDL) typically associated therewith. Accordingly, a low order (<3), high aspect ratio (>10) grating is provided with a very short side wall (less than the wavelength of the optical signal) for use with incident angles of less than 15°.
Molded lens having an outer circumference and first and second optical surfaces with cut off peripheral portions, and molding die for the molded lens
Publication/Patent Number: US7151640B2 Publication Date: 2006-12-19 Application Number: 11/114,874 Filing Date: 2005-04-26 Inventor: Sawagami, Akira   Itoh, Teruhiko   Kojima, Toshiyuki   Assignee: Konica Minolta Holdings, Inc.   IPC: G02B7/02 Abstract: A molded lens used in an optical pickup device provided with a plane of incidence having a first optical surface and a plane of emergence having a second optical surface, and a form of an outer circumference of the molded lens is formed by a first straight line portion which is in parallel substantially with a plane including an optical axis, a second straight line portion which is in parallel with the first straight line portion and is symmetric with the first straight line portion about the plane and by two circular arcs each connecting end portions of the first and second straight line portions. A part of a fringe of each of the first and second optical surfaces is substantially in a form of a circle whose center is on the optical axis is cut off by each of the first and second straight line portions.
Total 500 pages