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1
US20100038458A1
Publication/Patent Number: US20100038458A1
Publication date: 2010-02-18
Application number: 12/228,351
Filing date: 2008-08-12
Inventor: Bircann, Raul A.  
Abstract: A fuel injector for dispensing gaseous fuel into an internal combustion engine, including a valve body having an axial bore; a valve seat sub-assembly slidably disposed in the axial bore; a valve needle sub-assembly disposed within the axial bore and selectively matable with the valve seat sub-assembly; an electrical actuator connected to the valve needle sub-assembly for moving the valve needle sub-assembly in alternating axial directions to cause the valve needle to make intermittent contact with and separate from the valve seat sub-assembly to control flow of fuel from the outlet end; and an energy attenuator sub-assembly having a polymeric resilient layer fixedly disposed in the axial bore and in contact with the valve seat sub-assembly to bias the valve seat sub-assembly against the valve needle sub-assembly to dampen closing impact of the valve needle sub-assembly against the valve seat sub-assembly. A fuel injector for dispensing gaseous fuel into an internal combustion engine, including a valve body having an axial bore; a valve seat sub-assembly slidably disposed in the axial bore; a valve needle sub-assembly disposed within the axial bore and selectively matable with the ...more ...less
2
US20100258657A1
Publication/Patent Number: US20100258657A1
Publication date: 2010-10-14
Application number: 12/384,961
Filing date: 2009-04-10
Inventor: Bircann, Raul A.  
Abstract: An improved disk-valve fuel injector comprising a self-centering, floating valve seat insert disposed in a valve body. The valve seat insert includes a circular first valve seat and the body includes a circular second valve seat concentric with the first valve seat. A spring urges the valve insert into compliance with a disk-shaped valve head. The valve insert is able to adjust position in all three dimensions, allowing the disk head to mate precisely with both seats, thereby minimizing leakage when the valve is closed, improving metering precision, and extending the working lifetime of the valve head and valve seats. An improved disk-valve fuel injector comprising a self-centering, floating valve seat insert disposed in a valve body. The valve seat insert includes a circular first valve seat and the body includes a circular second valve seat concentric with the first valve seat. A spring ...more ...less
3
US20100044471A1
Publication/Patent Number: US20100044471A1
Publication date: 2010-02-25
Application number: 12/229,384
Filing date: 2008-08-22
Inventor: Bircann, Raul A.  
Abstract: A solenoid operated gaseous fuel injector includes a pole positioned axially movable within a fuel tube, a retaining ring axially retaining a first end of the pole, a spring element positioned in contact with a second end of said pole, and an armature transmitting a force onto said pole at impact. The gaseous fuel injector operates to effectively attenuate and dissipate armature impact force onto the pole. Accordingly, impact energy attenuation is attained while cold temperature stiction of the moving parts is avoided. A solenoid operated gaseous fuel injector includes a pole positioned axially movable within a fuel tube, a retaining ring axially retaining a first end of the pole, a spring element positioned in contact with a second end of said pole, and an armature transmitting a force onto ...more ...less
4
US20040065860A1
Publication/Patent Number: US20040065860A1
Publication date: 2004-04-08
Application number: 10/641,558
Filing date: 2003-08-15
Inventor: Bircann, Raul A.  
Abstract: An exhaust gas recirculation valve assembly including a bushing and pintle shaft sub-assembly having a pintle shaft supported by a sleeve bushing, the contact area between the shaft and bushing being reduced such that coking deposits that form on the remaining contact area can be broken by the force of the valve actuator, thereby preventing sticking of the valve from coking accumulations. Either the shaft surface or the bushing surface is relieved in a pattern of incuse areas and residual bearing areas. A currently preferred pattern is a helix. An exhaust gas recirculation valve assembly including a bushing and pintle shaft sub-assembly having a pintle shaft supported by a sleeve bushing, the contact area between the shaft and bushing being reduced such that coking deposits that form on the remaining contact area can ...more ...less
5
US20040065861A1
Publication/Patent Number: US20040065861A1
Publication date: 2004-04-08
Application number: 10/641,831
Filing date: 2003-08-15
Inventor: Bircann, Raul A.  
Abstract: A solenoid-actuated pintle valve assembly having a pintle shaft extending from a metering base sub-assembly into a solenoid actuator sub-assembly, the pintle shaft being equipped with a radially-extending fixed shield outside the metering base sub-assembly. The shield moves axially with the pintle during valve actuation and is located on the shaft so that when the pintle is in the valve-closed position, the shield cooperates with the pintle bushing to form an effective impedance to gas leakage from the metering base sub-assembly along the pintle shaft. When the valve is in the fully open position at the opposite extreme of pintle travel, the shield cooperates with an armature shield in the actuator to prevent entrance of gases into the solenoid. The invention is especially useful for exhaust gas recirculation valves on internal combustion engines. A solenoid-actuated pintle valve assembly having a pintle shaft extending from a metering base sub-assembly into a solenoid actuator sub-assembly, the pintle shaft being equipped with a radially-extending fixed shield outside the metering base sub-assembly. The shield moves ...more ...less
6
US20040031943A1
Publication/Patent Number: US20040031943A1
Publication date: 2004-02-19
Application number: 10/374,552
Filing date: 2003-02-25
Abstract: A pintle bushing assembly for a poppet valve assembly including a tolerance ring which is disposable between the pintle bushing and a bore in the body of the valve to both seal and center the bushing in the bore. The tolerance ring includes a plurality of radially-extending dimples which are deformable during assembly such that the valve pintle can be aligned coaxially with the valve seat under all conditions. An axial flange on the tolerance ring is sealed against axial surfaces of the valve body adjacent the bore and a flange on the bushing to prevent leakage past the bushing. A pintle bushing assembly for a poppet valve assembly including a tolerance ring which is disposable between the pintle bushing and a bore in the body of the valve to both seal and center the bushing in the bore. The tolerance ring includes a plurality of radially-extending ...more ...less
7
US20040046141A1
Publication/Patent Number: US20040046141A1
Publication date: 2004-03-11
Application number: 10/236,739
Filing date: 2002-09-06
Abstract: A pintle-type valve including a valve body enclosing a chamber having a first port surrounded by an annular valve seat in a first wall of the chamber and a second port in a second and opposite wall of the chamber for receiving a pintle bushing. A valve pintle shaft having an attached valve head is disposed in the bushing. The second port is larger in diameter than the diameter of the valve head, so that the valve head may be admitted to the chamber through the port. The bushing is radially floating in the port and has a flange extending along an outer surface of the valve body for forming a seal therewith. The pintle extends into a conventional solenoid-type actuator bolted to the valve body. A radially-floating gas seal surrounds the pintle between the retainer and the actuator. A compressed coil spring holds the bushing in place against operating pressure within the valve chamber. The bushing and gas seal are centered by the valve stem, reducing frictional drag and reducing valve leakage. A pintle-type valve including a valve body enclosing a chamber having a first port surrounded by an annular valve seat in a first wall of the chamber and a second port in a second and opposite wall of the chamber for receiving a pintle bushing. A valve pintle shaft having an ...more ...less
8
US20030042450A1
Publication/Patent Number: US20030042450A1
Publication date: 2003-03-06
Application number: 09/944,556
Filing date: 2001-08-31
Inventor: Bircann, Raul A.  
Abstract: A force-balanced gas control valve assembly having an integral cylindrical actuator housing and tubular valve body. A mounting flange attached to the housing has a central aperture through which the valve body projects. An annular valve seat is provided in the valve body. A pintle shaft within the valve body has a valve head matable with the valve seat, a force-balancing piston, an interstem separating the valve head from the piston, and an armature extending into a solenoid actuator subassembly disposed within the actuator housing. The pintle is formed of a ferromagnetic material such as a magnetic stainless steel. In a flow chamber within the valve body, pressure is exerted equally on both the piston, in a direction tending to open the valve, and the valve head, in a direction tending to close the valve. Thus the valve is force-balanced, and the solenoid need operate against only the frictional forces within the valve itself. Preferably, the valve assembly includes a low-friction composite guiding sleeve between the armature and the polepieces of the solenoid. A force-balanced gas control valve assembly having an integral cylindrical actuator housing and tubular valve body. A mounting flange attached to the housing has a central aperture through which the valve body projects. An annular valve seat is provided in the valve body. A ...more ...less
9
US20030051712A1
Publication/Patent Number: US20030051712A1
Publication date: 2003-03-20
Application number: 09/955,528
Filing date: 2001-09-18
Abstract: A subassembly module including a pintle bearing, bearing retaining spring, and bearing splash shield for an exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) valve for an internal combustion engine. The bearing is provided with a circumferential flange for sealing with an outer surface of the valve body, and with an annular step in the flange for receiving the rolled or crimped skirt of the bearing splash shield. The bearing retaining spring surrounding the valve pintle is compressed and captured within the splash shield as the skirt is formed onto the annular step to form the module. The axial length of the module is slightly greater than the assembled distance between the valve body and the actuator of the EGR valve, such that the module is compressed by installation of the actuator onto the valve body, allowing the compressed spring to urge the bearing face sealingly against the valve body. Advantageously, the subassembly module may be pre-assembled offline by known methods to reduce complexity during assembly of the valve. A subassembly module including a pintle bearing, bearing retaining spring, and bearing splash shield for an exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) valve for an internal combustion engine. The bearing is provided with a circumferential flange for sealing with an outer surface of the ...more ...less
10
US20030006390A1
Publication/Patent Number: US20030006390A1
Publication date: 2003-01-09
Application number: 10/236,738
Filing date: 2002-09-06
Abstract: An integral pintle shield and annular scraper for protecting and cleaning the pintle shaft of a pintle valve, such as an exhaust gas recirculation valve for an internal combustion engine, to prevent coking and failure of the valve. The scraper surrounds the shaft, making contact with the shaft surface with sufficient force to dislodge incipient coke deposits but with insufficient force to inhibit the axial motion of the pintle shaft in actuation. The scraper is mounted within a radial shield surrounding the pintle shaft and pintle bushing for preventing exposure of the shaft and bushing to combustion products. The scraper is disposed in such a way that the shaft is scraped in both directions during each actuative cycle of the valve. An integral pintle shield and annular scraper for protecting and cleaning the pintle shaft of a pintle valve, such as an exhaust gas recirculation valve for an internal combustion engine, to prevent coking and failure of the valve. The scraper surrounds the shaft, making contact ...more ...less
11
US20020112707A1
Publication/Patent Number: US20020112707A1
Publication date: 2002-08-22
Application number: 09/790,267
Filing date: 2001-02-21
Abstract: A flow modifier for insertion into the chamber of a large pintle valve to change the apparent flow range of the valve to that of a smaller valve. The flow modifier includes a perforated cup-shaped restrictor disposed within the valve on the valve pintle and sealingly surrounding the valve seat such that all flow through the valve must pass through the passageways in the restrictor. The restrictor is held in place by a compression spring surrounding the pintle. The total open area of the passageways may be varied by varying their number and/or size and is preferably substantially less than the open area of the valve seat. The restrictor thus acts as a flow choke or fixed throttle to reduce the flow range of the valve. Different restrictors may be provided as required to size a single large valve having a large inherent flow range to a plurality of applications requiring valves having smaller flow ranges. A further embodiment includes a valve head resiliently and articulably mounted on the internal end of the valve pintle. The head is free to move axially and/or radially and/or rotationally with respect to the pintle as directed by the mating surface of the valve seat to effect a seal therewith. A flow modifier for insertion into the chamber of a large pintle valve to change the apparent flow range of the valve to that of a smaller valve. The flow modifier includes a perforated cup-shaped restrictor disposed within the valve on the valve pintle and sealingly surrounding ...more ...less
12
US20020113222A1
Publication/Patent Number: US20020113222A1
Publication date: 2002-08-22
Application number: 09/790,271
Filing date: 2001-02-21
Abstract: A system for containing leakage along a pintle shaft in a pintle-type gas control valve, such as an exhaust gas recirculation valve for an internal combustion engine or a reformate diverter valve for a fuel cell, comprising a novel seal element and means for sealing the element to the valve's pintle shaft bearing and to an interrupted pintle shaft. The system comprises two elements: a positive vapor block in the form of an elastomeric boot or folded diaphragm disposed across the pintle interruption, and a pintle shaft bearing disposable in the valve's body and sealingly secured to the boot or diaphragm. The system may include a coil spring disposed in compression within the boot or diaphragm. A system for containing leakage along a pintle shaft in a pintle-type gas control valve, such as an exhaust gas recirculation valve for an internal combustion engine or a reformate diverter valve for a fuel cell, comprising a novel seal element and means for sealing the element ...more ...less
13
US20020104978A1
Publication/Patent Number: US20020104978A1
Publication date: 2002-08-08
Application number: 09/778,538
Filing date: 2001-02-07
Abstract: The present invention is directed to an annular metal-bristled brush for cleaning the pintle shaft of a pintle valve, such as an exhaust gas recirculation valve for an internal combustion engine, to prevent coking and failure of the valve. The brush surrounds the shaft, the tips of the bristles making contact with the shaft with sufficient force to dislodge incipient coke deposits but with insufficient force to inhibit the axial motion of the pintle shaft in actuation. Preferably, the brush is disposed in an annular space in the valve body between the pintle shaft bearing and the gas-metering chamber such that the shaft is brushed in both directions during each actuative cycle of the valve. Preferably, the annular space is slightly larger both axially and radially than the corresponding dimensions of the brush so that the brush is free to float without binding the pintle shaft. The present invention is directed to an annular metal-bristled brush for cleaning the pintle shaft of a pintle valve, such as an exhaust gas recirculation valve for an internal combustion engine, to prevent coking and failure of the valve. The brush surrounds the shaft, the tips ...more ...less
14
US20020104977A1
Publication/Patent Number: US20020104977A1
Publication date: 2002-08-08
Application number: 09/777,471
Filing date: 2001-02-06
Abstract: An improved electric solenoid for providing linear mechanical actuation. The outer polepiece of the solenoid is provided with an axial, self-lubricated, non-magnetic bearing for closely supporting and centering an actuating shaft extending coaxially from the solenoid armature. Preferably, the radial tolerance between the diameters of the bearing inner bore and the shaft is as small as in practically possible without inducing drag of the shaft in the bearing, permitting reduction of the air gap between the armature and the polepieces to a minimal thickness. Preferably, the armature is axially tapered to avoid contact of the armature with the polepieces as a result of residual tolerances between the bearing and shaft. A significant increase in actuating force is realized in comparison with a prior art solenoid, and the improved solenoid may be used in any desired orientation. An improved electric solenoid for providing linear mechanical actuation. The outer polepiece of the solenoid is provided with an axial, self-lubricated, non-magnetic bearing for closely supporting and centering an actuating shaft extending coaxially from the solenoid armature ...more ...less
15
US20020060620A1
Publication/Patent Number: US20020060620A1
Publication date: 2002-05-23
Application number: 10/004,638
Filing date: 2001-12-05
Abstract: A proportionally-controllable solenoid including primary and secondary pole pieces that surround an armature axially movable along an axial channel within the pole pieces. The pole pieces are separated axially by an air gap and are conically tapered toward the gap. The leading and trailing faces of the armature are substantially orthogonal to its direction of travel to minimize radial parasitic forces on these faces. Further, the armature is also lengthened such that the trailing face is always outside the axial channel in the secondary pole piece at all points of axial travel to minimize the pullback effect of axial flux vectors on the trailing face. A proportionally-controllable solenoid including primary and secondary pole pieces that surround an armature axially movable along an axial channel within the pole pieces. The pole pieces are separated axially by an air gap and are conically tapered toward the gap. The leading ...more ...less
16
US20010032630A1
Publication/Patent Number: US20010032630A1
Publication date: 2001-10-25
Application number: 09/778,609
Filing date: 2001-02-07
Abstract: An improved modular, radially-compliant, redundantly-sealing journal-type bearing assembly comprising two bearing elements retained in a housing and positively loaded in opposing directions by a compression spring disposed therebetween. A shaft to be supported and sealed against leakage by the bearing, such as a valve pintle shaft, is disposed in an axial bore in each of the bearing elements, which bores are fitted as closely to the diameter of the shaft as is possible without causing the shaft to bind in the bores. Each of the radial bearing faces opposite the spring forms a seal with a corresponding internal surface of the housing, defining thereby a redundant sealing system. The bearings are radially compliant within the housing by a predetermined small distance to allow the shaft to be operatively self-centered, such as by an attached valve head mating into a valve seat. The improved bearing assembly may be preassembled offline to facilitate its incorporation into an apparatus, for example, a fuel cell valve, and may also be retrofitted into existing apparatus, for example, an exhaust gas recirculation valve. An improved modular, radially-compliant, redundantly-sealing journal-type bearing assembly comprising two bearing elements retained in a housing and positively loaded in opposing directions by a compression spring disposed therebetween. A shaft to be supported and sealed against ...more ...less
17
US20010032634A1
Publication/Patent Number: US20010032634A1
Publication date: 2001-10-25
Application number: 09/788,741
Filing date: 2001-02-20
Abstract: A leakage arresting system comprising a novel gas arrestor for installation on an interrupted pintle shaft in a pintle-type valve, such as an exhaust gas recirculation valve for an internal combustion engine, for preventing leakage of gas and moisture along the pintle shaft into the actuator, to prevent corrosion and failure of the actuator. The system comprises two elements: a pintle shaft which is interrupted outside the actuator, and a positive vapor block in the form of a cup-shaped arrestor disposed across the pintle interruption. The invention is applicable to both unbalanced and force-balanced valves. A leakage arresting system comprising a novel gas arrestor for installation on an interrupted pintle shaft in a pintle-type valve, such as an exhaust gas recirculation valve for an internal combustion engine, for preventing leakage of gas and moisture along the pintle shaft into ...more ...less
18
US20010032633A1
Publication/Patent Number: US20010032633A1
Publication date: 2001-10-25
Application number: 09/781,646
Filing date: 2001-02-12
Abstract: An improved solenoid for providing linear actuation. The outer polepiece of the solenoid is provided with an axial journal bearing for supporting an actuating shaft extending from the solenoid armature. Radial tolerance between the bearing inner bore and the shaft is as small as in practically possible, which feature permits elimination of the prior art portion of the guiding sleeve extending into the outer polepiece, thereby retaining frictional losses with only the remaining sleeve portion in the inner polepiece. Small prior art air gaps at interfaces 42,44 between the polepieces and the housing are eliminated to minimize reluctance of the magnetic circuit. A significant increase in actuating force is realized in comparison with a prior art solenoid actuator. An improved solenoid for providing linear actuation. The outer polepiece of the solenoid is provided with an axial journal bearing for supporting an actuating shaft extending from the solenoid armature. Radial tolerance between the bearing inner bore and the shaft is as small as ...more ...less
19
US20010032950A1
Publication/Patent Number: US20010032950A1
Publication date: 2001-10-25
Application number: 09/788,738
Filing date: 2001-02-20
Abstract: A novel spatial arrangement of valve ports and hold-down bolt holes in the body of an exhaust gas recirculation valve, wherein the centers of the ports are between and aligned with the centers of the bolt holes, thereby producing maximum sealing force around the ports against the surface to which the valve is bolted, such as the exhaust and intake manifolds of an internal combustion engine. A novel spatial arrangement of valve ports and hold-down bolt holes in the body of an exhaust gas recirculation valve, wherein the centers of the ports are between and aligned with the centers of the bolt holes, thereby producing maximum sealing force around the ports against ...more ...less
20
US20010033214A1
Publication/Patent Number: US20010033214A1
Publication date: 2001-10-25
Application number: 09/777,322
Filing date: 2001-02-06
Abstract: The present invention is directed to an improved solenoid for providing linear actuation. The outer polepiece of the solenoid is provided with a plurality of radially-dispersed labyrinthine passageways in communication between the exterior of the solenoid and an interior region including the armature and the interior of the windings. The polepiece is further provided with at least one passageway in communication between the exterior of the solenoid and an outer periphery of the windings within the housing. The two sets of passageways impede particles and droplets of moisture from entering the solenoid, while simultaneously permitting moisture such as condensation within the solenoid to evaporate and escape. The present invention is directed to an improved solenoid for providing linear actuation. The outer polepiece of the solenoid is provided with a plurality of radially-dispersed labyrinthine passageways in communication between the exterior of the solenoid and an interior region ...more ...less