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1
US2004256494A1
Publication/Patent Number: US2004256494A1
Publication date: 2004-12-23
Application number: 10/453,000
Filing date: 2003-06-03
Abstract: An outwardly-opening fuel injector including a conical valve seat and conical valve head having nominally identical cone angles and mating lengths along the conical frustum between about 0.25 mm and about 0.30 mm. One of either the seat surface or the head surface is provided with an annular undercut to limit the length of mating contact to the desired range. The mating lengths and seal areas remain constant with use because the undercut prevents further changes in mating length. The resulting seal area prevents recession of the head into the seat with use, and therefore the valve stroke is predictable and constant. Further, the undercut provides a sharp corner in the fuel flow path downstream of the seal area, which increases the turbulent kinetic energy of fuel being discharged as a spray cone. An outwardly-opening fuel injector including a conical valve seat and conical valve head having nominally identical cone angles and mating lengths along the conical frustum between about 0.25 mm and about 0.30 mm. One of either the seat surface or the head surface is provided ...more ...less
2
US2004041038A1
Publication/Patent Number: US2004041038A1
Publication date: 2004-03-04
Application number: 10/234,285
Filing date: 2002-09-04
Abstract: A dual-coil outwardly-opening fuel injector including a fuel tube connected at a lower end to a lower injector housing. Within the fuel tube are a lower (opening) solenoid pole piece, a specially-formed armature, and an upper (closing) solenoid pole piece. A seat assembly including an injector nozzle, swirler, and valve seat are adjustably threaded into the lower housing. A pintle assembly, including a solid pintle portion supporting a valve head and a tubular portion welded thereto, is axially disposed within the fuel tube and is welded to the armature which is spaced from the lower pole piece by a distance equal to the opening stroke of the valve. A return spring adjustment mechanism disposed on the upper pole piece engages the upper end of the pintle assembly for varying the closing force of the return spring. Opening and closing solenoid preassemblies are mounted external to the fuel tube for magnetically engaging the pole pieces and armature within in known fashion. A dual-coil outwardly-opening fuel injector including a fuel tube connected at a lower end to a lower injector housing. Within the fuel tube are a lower (opening) solenoid pole piece, a specially-formed armature, and an upper (closing) solenoid pole piece. A seat assembly ...more ...less
3
US2003234302A1
Publication/Patent Number: US2003234302A1
Publication date: 2003-12-25
Application number: 10/313,081
Filing date: 2002-12-06
Abstract: A fuel swirler plate for improving atomization of fuel in a fuel injector. A plurality of identical fuel supply passages is formed in the plate, each passage including an outer fuel reservoir region; a region having converging walls wherein fuel is accelerated and turned partially tangential to the axis of the plate and fuel injector; a metering region wherein flow is regulated; and an exit region wherein the fuel is combined with similar fuel flows from the other passages to form a high velocity swirl annulus between the swirler plate and a pintle ball of the fuel injector. An advantage of the novel swirl plate over prior art plates is that, when the injector valve is closed, only a very small volume of fuel resides in the swirl annulus between the pintle ball and the exit region of the plate, and such residual fuel is urged rotationally and becomes the leading edge of a new vortex the next time the valve is opened, thus minimizing SAC spray formation. The present invention is useful in fuel cells, burners, and in both direct injection and port injection fuel injectors of internal combustion engines. A fuel swirler plate for improving atomization of fuel in a fuel injector. A plurality of identical fuel supply passages is formed in the plate, each passage including an outer fuel reservoir region; a region having converging walls wherein fuel is accelerated and turned ...more ...less