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1
US2019001612A1
Publication/Patent Number: US2019001612A1
Publication date: 2019-01-03
Application number: 16/067,052
Filing date: 2017-07-03
Abstract: The antifouling film includes a polymer layer that includes on a surface thereof an uneven structure provided with multiple projections at a pitch not longer than a wavelength of visible light. The polymer layer has a proportion of the number of fluorine atoms relative to the sum of the numbers of carbon atoms, nitrogen atoms, oxygen atoms, and fluorine atoms of 33 atom % or more on the surface of the uneven structure. The polymer layer has at least one local maximum of the proportion of the number of nitrogen atoms relative to the sum of the numbers of carbon atoms, nitrogen atoms, oxygen atoms, and fluorine atoms in a region 5 to 90 nm deep from the surface of the uneven structure. The local maximum is 0.3 atom % or more greater than the average value in a region 90 to 120 nm deep from the surface of the uneven structure. The antifouling film includes a polymer layer that includes on a surface thereof an uneven structure provided with multiple projections at a pitch not longer than a wavelength of visible light. The polymer layer has a proportion of the number of fluorine atoms relative to the ...more ...less
2
EP2573545B1
Publication/Patent Number: EP2573545B1
Publication date: 2019-07-03
Application number: 11783559.5
Filing date: 2011-05-17
3
US2019016900A1
Publication/Patent Number: US2019016900A1
Publication date: 2019-01-17
Application number: 16/069,299
Filing date: 2017-07-03
Abstract: The antifouling film includes a polymer layer that includes on a surface thereof an uneven structure provided with multiple projections at a pitch not longer than a wavelength of visible light. The polymer layer has a proportion of the number of fluorine atoms relative to the sum of the numbers of carbon atoms, nitrogen atoms, oxygen atoms, and fluorine atoms of 33 atom % or more on the surface of the uneven structure and of 3 atom % or less on average in a region 90 to 120 nm deep from the surface of the uneven structure. The polymer layer has a proportion of the number of nitrogen atoms relative to the sum of the numbers of carbon atoms, nitrogen atoms, oxygen atoms, and fluorine atoms of 4 atom % or less on average in a region 90 to 120 nm deep from the surface of the uneven structure. The antifouling film includes a polymer layer that includes on a surface thereof an uneven structure provided with multiple projections at a pitch not longer than a wavelength of visible light. The polymer layer has a proportion of the number of fluorine atoms relative to the ...more ...less
4
US2019041549A1
Publication/Patent Number: US2019041549A1
Publication date: 2019-02-07
Application number: 16/078,210
Filing date: 2017-02-15
Abstract: The method for producing an optical member of the present invention includes: a step (1) of applying a lower layer resin and an upper layer resin; a step (2) of pressing a die against the lower layer resin and the upper layer resin from the upper layer resin side, so as to form a resin layer including an uneven structure on a surface thereof; and a step (3) of curing the resin layer to form the polymer layer, wherein the lower layer resin contains an amide group, the lower layer resin has an amide group concentration of 1.5 mmol/g or more and less than 5 mmol/g, and the polymer layer has a minimum storage modulus E′ of 1×108 Pa or higher and 1×109 Pa or lower at a bottom temperature of 110° C. or higher and 210° C. or lower. The method for producing an optical member of the present invention includes: a step (1) of applying a lower layer resin and an upper layer resin; a step (2) of pressing a die against the lower layer resin and the upper layer resin from the upper layer resin side, so as to form ...more ...less
5
US2019152244A1
Publication/Patent Number: US2019152244A1
Publication date: 2019-05-23
Application number: 16/066,649
Filing date: 2016-12-16
Abstract: A printing intaglio (100A), (100B) is a printing intaglio for use in intaglio printing, the printing intaglio having a surface which has a plurality of first recessed portions (12) that form a pattern to be printed, wherein at least one of the plurality of first recessed portions has a plurality of minute recessed portions (16p) inside the first recessed portion, and when viewed in a direction normal to the surface of the printing intaglio, a two-dimensional size of the plurality of minute recessed portions is not less than 10 nm and less than 500 nm. A printing intaglio (100A), (100B) is a printing intaglio for use in intaglio printing, the printing intaglio having a surface which has a plurality of first recessed portions (12) that form a pattern to be printed, wherein at least one of the plurality of first recessed ...more ...less
6
US2019016084A1
Publication/Patent Number: US2019016084A1
Publication date: 2019-01-17
Application number: 16/066,645
Filing date: 2016-12-21
Abstract: The present invention provides an optical member excellent in antifouling properties, rubbing resistance, and antifog properties. The optical member of the present invention includes, on a surface thereof, an uneven structure provided with multiple projections at a pitch not longer than a wavelength of visible light, the projections each including a hydrophilic portion at its tip. Preferably, each of the projections is formed from a hydrophobic resin and has its tip covered with a hydrophilic material, the hydrophilic material contains silicon dioxide, and the hydrophilic material has a thickness of 30 nm or smaller. The present invention provides an optical member excellent in antifouling properties, rubbing resistance, and antifog properties. The optical member of the present invention includes, on a surface thereof, an uneven structure provided with multiple projections at a pitch not ...more ...less
7
US10287764B2
Publication/Patent Number: US10287764B2
Publication date: 2019-05-14
Application number: 15/698,948
Filing date: 2017-09-08
Assignee: TOTO LTD.
Abstract: Problem: Provided is a flush toilet capable of increasing the volume of a waste conveyance flow, thereby improving a waste conveyance capability. Solution: The flush toilet includes: a toilet main unit (2) comprising a discharge conduit (16) communicated with the discharge trap pipe. The discharge conduit includes a flow dividing section (26) provided on a downstream side of an upstream discharge conduit section, and a delaying flow passage (28) branched from the flow dividing section. An inward region of the skirt portion includes: a central region (D) and a lateral region (E). The delaying flow passage (28) forms a passage in the lateral region (E) and merges leading flush water having flowed into the delaying flow passage from the flow dividing section (26) with a flush water flow reaching the flow dividing section at a timing after the inflow of the flush water to the delaying flow passage. Problem: Provided is a flush toilet capable of increasing the volume of a waste conveyance flow, thereby improving a waste conveyance capability. Solution: The flush toilet includes: a toilet main unit (2) comprising a discharge conduit (16) communicated with the discharge ...more ...less
8
EP3291268B1
Publication/Patent Number: EP3291268B1
Publication date: 2019-03-06
Application number: 17184717.1
Filing date: 2017-08-03
9
US10287767B2
Publication/Patent Number: US10287767B2
Publication date: 2019-05-14
Application number: 15/698,931
Filing date: 2017-09-08
Assignee: TOTO LTD.
Abstract: Provided is a flush toilet capable of increasing the volume of a waste conveyance flow for washing down waste thereby improving a waste conveyance capability. The flush toilet includes: a discharge conduit (16) communicated with the discharge trap pipe. The discharge conduit includes: a flow dividing section (26) and a delaying flow passage (28) branched from the flow dividing section. The flow dividing section has a guide portion (32) configured to guide relatively low-speed flush water along the guide portion to the delaying flow passage. The delaying flow passage (28) is configured such that flush water having flowed into the delaying flow passage along the guide portion (32) is enabled to merge with a flush water flow reaching the flow dividing section at a timing after the inflow of the flush water to the delaying flow passage. Provided is a flush toilet capable of increasing the volume of a waste conveyance flow for washing down waste thereby improving a waste conveyance capability. The flush toilet includes: a discharge conduit (16) communicated with the discharge trap pipe. The discharge conduit ...more ...less
10
EP2611119B1
Publication/Patent Number: EP2611119B1
Publication date: 2019-01-23
Application number: 12195831.8
Filing date: 2012-12-06
Abstract: A terminal device is provided that includes a first case; a second case disposed in the terminal device with a gap with respect to the first case; and a transparent member that includes a transparent front-surface-side member bonded to a transparent rear-surface-side member and is disposed in the gap to connect the first case and the second case. A terminal device is provided that includes a first case; a second case disposed in the terminal device with a gap with respect to the first case; and a transparent member that includes a transparent front-surface-side member bonded to a transparent rear-surface-side member and ...more ...less
11
EP3291268B8
Publication/Patent Number: EP3291268B8
Publication date: 2019-04-17
Application number: 17184717.1
Filing date: 2017-08-03
Abstract: A switch device (100) includes a housing (30), an operating member (40), a fixed contact (20), and a moving contact (10). The moving contact is formed of an elastic metal plate and is, while the moving contact is in contact with the fixed contact, urged toward the fixed contact so as to be in elastic contact with the fixed contact. The fixed contact includes a plate portion (21) having a flat plate shape and is held by the housing with a space provided on one surface side of the plate portion located on an opposite side to a side where the operating member is disposed. The moving contact includes a first extended portion (11) that extends so as to intersect the plate portion with one end portion (11a) of the first extended portion positioned on the one surface side of the plate portion. When the moving contact and the fixed contact are in contact with each other, the first extended portion intersects the plate portion while the first extended portion is inclined relative to the plate portion, and the first extended portion is in elastic contact with a corner portion (23a) on one surface side of an edge (23) of the plate portion. A switch device (100) includes a housing (30), an operating member (40), a fixed contact (20), and a moving contact (10). The moving contact is formed of an elastic metal plate and is, while the moving contact is in contact with the fixed contact, urged toward the fixed contact ...more ...less
12
US10418204B2
Publication/Patent Number: US10418204B2
Publication date: 2019-09-17
Application number: 15/666,683
Filing date: 2017-08-02
Abstract: A switch device includes a housing, an operating member, a fixed contact, and a moving contact. The moving contact is, while being in contact with the fixed contact, urged toward the fixed contact so as to be in elastic contact with the fixed contact. The fixed contact includes a plate portion and is held by the housing with a space on one surface side of the plate portion. The moving contact includes a first extended portion that extends so as to intersect the plate portion. When the moving contact and the fixed contact are in contact with each other, the first extended portion intersects the plate portion while being inclined relative to the plate portion, and the first extended portion is in elastic contact with a corner portion on a one surface side of an edge of the plate portion. A switch device includes a housing, an operating member, a fixed contact, and a moving contact. The moving contact is, while being in contact with the fixed contact, urged toward the fixed contact so as to be in elastic contact with the fixed contact. The fixed contact includes ...more ...less
13
US2019080870A1
Publication/Patent Number: US2019080870A1
Publication date: 2019-03-14
Application number: 16/127,670
Filing date: 2018-09-11
Abstract: Provided are an electron emission device having a novel structure and being capable of improving characteristics and/or extending a lifetime of a related-art electron emission device, and a method of manufacturing the electron emission device. The method of manufacturing an electron emission device includes: a step A of providing one of an aluminum substrate and an aluminum layer supported by a substrate; a step B of anodizing a surface of the one of the aluminum, substrate and the aluminum layer to form a porous alumina layer having a plurality of pores; a step C of applying silver nanoparticles into the plurality of pores to cause the plurality of pores to support the silver nanoparticles; a step D of applying, after the step C, an insulating layer forming solution to substantially an entire surface of the one of the aluminum substrate and the aluminum layer; a step E of forming, after the step D, an insulating layer by at least reducing a solvent included in the insulating layer forming solution; and a step F of forming an electrode on the insulating layer. Provided are an electron emission device having a novel structure and being capable of improving characteristics and/or extending a lifetime of a related-art electron emission device, and a method of manufacturing the electron emission device. The method of manufacturing an ...more ...less
14
US10414108B2
Publication/Patent Number: US10414108B2
Publication date: 2019-09-17
Application number: 15/118,536
Filing date: 2016-02-10
Abstract: A method for producing an optical film includes: (1) applying a lower layer resin and an upper layer resin; (2) forming a resin layer having the uneven structure on a surface thereof by pressing a mold against the lower layer resin and the upper layer resin from the upper layer resin side in the state where the applied lower layer resin and upper layer resin are stacked; and (3) curing the resin layer, the lower layer resin containing at least one kind of first monomer that contains no fluorine atoms, the upper layer resin containing a fluorine-containing monomer and at least one kind of second monomer that contains no fluorine atoms, at least one of the first monomer and the second monomer containing a compatible monomer that is compatible with the fluorine-containing monomer and being dissolved in the lower layer resin and the upper layer resin. A method for producing an optical film includes: (1) applying a lower layer resin and an upper layer resin; (2) forming a resin layer having the uneven structure on a surface thereof by pressing a mold against the lower layer resin and the upper layer resin from the upper layer ...more ...less
15
US2019118504A1
Publication/Patent Number: US2019118504A1
Publication date: 2019-04-25
Application number: 16/094,523
Filing date: 2017-03-06
Abstract: The method for producing an optical member of the present invention includes: Process (1) of applying a first resin to a substrate; Process (2) of applying a second resin to at least one of the first resin and a die; Process (3) of pushing the substrate to the die with the first resin and the second resin in between to form a resin layer including on a surface thereof an uneven structure; and Process (4) of curing the resin layer to provide a polymer layer. The die includes a surface after release treatment with a fluorine release agent. The first resin contains a resin component, and the resin component contains predetermined amounts of a (meth)acrylamide compound and a urethane prepolymer containing six or more functional groups. The second resin contains predetermined amounts of a reactive group-containing monomer, a fluorosurfactant, and a fluorine-containing monomer. The method for producing an optical member of the present invention includes: Process (1) of applying a first resin to a substrate; Process (2) of applying a second resin to at least one of the first resin and a die; Process (3) of pushing the substrate to the die with the first ...more ...less