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1
US20180071678A1
Publication/Patent Number: US20180071678A1
Publication date: 2018-03-15
Application number: 15/701,089
Filing date: 2017-09-11
Abstract: An electrochemical hydrogen isotope concentrating apparatus is disclosed. The apparatus includes an inlet stream of the hydrogen isotope to be concentrated. The apparatus also includes an electrochemical cell that includes a hydron exchange membrane containing hydrons of the hydrogen isotope, an anode on a first side of the hydron exchange membrane in fluid communication with the inlet stream, a cathode on a second side of the hydron exchange membrane, and an electrical circuit connection between the anode and the cathode. The apparatus further includes two outlet streams: a first outlet stream of the hydrogen isotope in fluid communication with the cathode, and a second outlet stream depleted of the hydrogen isotope in fluid communication with the anode. An electrochemical hydrogen isotope concentrating apparatus is disclosed. The apparatus includes an inlet stream of the hydrogen isotope to be concentrated. The apparatus also includes an electrochemical cell that includes a hydron exchange membrane containing hydrons of the ...more ...less
2
US2018071678A1
Publication/Patent Number: US2018071678A1
Publication date: 2018-03-15
Application number: 20/171,570
Filing date: 2017-09-11
Abstract: An electrochemical hydrogen isotope concentrating apparatus is disclosed. The apparatus includes an inlet stream of the hydrogen isotope to be concentrated. The apparatus also includes an electrochemical cell that includes a hydron exchange membrane containing hydrons of the hydrogen isotope, an anode on a first side of the hydron exchange membrane in fluid communication with the inlet stream, a cathode on a second side of the hydron exchange membrane, and an electrical circuit connection between the anode and the cathode. The apparatus further includes two outlet streams: a first outlet stream of the hydrogen isotope in fluid communication with the cathode, and a second outlet stream depleted of the hydrogen isotope in fluid communication with the anode. An electrochemical hydrogen isotope concentrating apparatus is disclosed. The apparatus includes an inlet stream of the hydrogen isotope to be concentrated. The apparatus also includes an electrochemical cell that includes a hydron exchange membrane containing hydrons of the ...more ...less
3
KR20180037313A
Publication/Patent Number: KR20180037313A
Publication date: 2018-04-11
Application number: 20187009229
Filing date: 2016-08-31
Abstract: 상이한 크기들 또는 구성들의 전기화학 전지 스택을 제조하는 방법이 개시되며, 이 방법에서 제1 평면 크기와 구성을 가진 제1 평면 모듈은, 연결 가능한 단부들을 따라서 결합 표면들(mating surfaces)을 가진 평면 모듈형 부품들을 포함하는 부품들의 제1 목록으로부터 조립된다. 상기 평면 모듈형 부품들은 제1 크기와 구성을 가진 상기 제1 평면 모듈을 형성하기 위해 동일-평면 구성(co-planar configuration)으로 연결된다. 상기 제1 목록과 공통된 평면 모듈형 부품들을 포함하는 부품들의 제2 목록이 식별되고, 상기 제1 평면 모듈과 상이한 평면 크기 또는 구성을 가진 제2 평면 모듈은 상기 제2 목록으로부터 조립된다. 상기 각개의 제1 또는 제2 평면 모듈의 평면 크기와 구성에 상응하는 전기화학 스택들을 형성하기 위해, 상기 제1 및 제2 평면 모듈들은 다른 평면 모듈들 및 부품들과 조립된다. 상이한 크기들 또는 구성들의 전기화학 전지 스택을 제조하는 방법이 개시되며, 이 방법에서 제1 평면 크기와 구성을 가진 제1 평면 모듈은, 연결 가능한 단부들을 따라서 결합 표면들(mating surfaces)을 가진 평면 모듈형 부품들을 포함하는 부품들의 제1 목록으로부터 조립된다. 상기 평면 모듈형 부품들은 제1 크기와 구성을 가진 상기 제1 평면 모듈을 형성하기 위해 동일-평면 구성(co-planar configuration)으로 연결된다. 상기 제1 목록과 공통된 평면 모듈형 부품들 ...more ...less
4
US20180342742A1
Publication/Patent Number: US20180342742A1
Publication date: 2018-11-29
Application number: 15/761,576
Filing date: 2016-08-31
Abstract: A method of manufacturing electrochemical cell stacks of different sizes or configurations is disclosed in which a first planar module having a first planar size and configuration is assembled from a first inventory of parts including planar modular parts having mating surfaces along connectable ends. The planar modular parts are connected in a co-planar configuration to form the first planar module having the first size and configuration. A second inventory of parts including planar modular parts in common with the first inventory is identified, and a second planar module having a different planar size or configuration than the first planar module is assembled from the second inventory. The first and second planar modules are assembled with other planar modules and component to form electrochemical stacks corresponding to the planar size and configuration of the respective first or second planar module. A method of manufacturing electrochemical cell stacks of different sizes or configurations is disclosed in which a first planar module having a first planar size and configuration is assembled from a first inventory of parts including planar modular parts having mating surfaces ...more ...less
5
CN107949946A
Publication/Patent Number: CN107949946A
Publication date: 2018-04-20
Application number: 201680050233
Filing date: 2016-08-31
Abstract: The invention relates to modular electrochemical cell components, stacks, systems and a method of manufacture. The method of manufacturing electrochemical cell stacks of different sizes or configurations is disclosed in which a first planar module having a first planar size and configuration is assembled from a first inventory of parts including planar modular parts having mating surfaces along connectable ends. The planar modular parts are connected in a co-planar configuration to form the first planar module having the first size and configuration. A second inventory of parts including planar modular parts in common with the first inventory is identified, and a second planar module having a different planar size or configuration than the first planar module is assembled from the second inventory. The first and second planar modules are assembled with other planar modules and component to form electrochemical stacks corresponding to the planar size and configuration of the respectivefirst or second planar module. The invention relates to modular electrochemical cell components, stacks, systems and a method of manufacture. The method of manufacturing electrochemical cell stacks of different sizes or configurations is disclosed in which a first planar module having a first planar size and ...more ...less
6
EP3017089B1
Publication/Patent Number: EP3017089B1
Publication date: 2018-04-11
Application number: 14820608.9
Filing date: 2014-07-01
8
US20180372701A1
Publication/Patent Number: US20180372701A1
Publication date: 2018-12-27
Application number: 16/000,118
Filing date: 2018-06-05
Abstract: In an embodiment, a hydrogen monitoring system comprises a plurality of sensing elements that individually comprise a working electrode, a counter electrode, an insulating layer located in between the working electrode and the counter electrode, a catalyst located on an end of both the working electrode and the counter electrode, an electrolyte located on the end of the sensing elements on both the working electrode and the counter electrode, between the working electrode and the counter electrode, and in contact with the catalyst, and an electrical circuit located on an opposite end of the sensing element that connects the working electrode and the counter electrode. In an embodiment, a hydrogen monitoring system comprises a plurality of sensing elements that individually comprise a working electrode, a counter electrode, an insulating layer located in between the working electrode and the counter electrode, a catalyst located on an end of ...more ...less
9
EP3366813A1
Publication/Patent Number: EP3366813A1
Publication date: 2018-08-29
Application number: 18159278.3
Filing date: 2014-07-01
Assignee: Skyre, Inc.
Abstract: A system is disclosed for providing hydrogen that includes a first PEM electrochemical cell or stack including a membrane electrode assembly that includes an inlet for a first gas that comprises hydrogen in fluid communication with the anode side of the first electrochemical cell or cell stack, and an outlet in fluid communication with the cathode side of the first electrochemical cell or stack. A second electrochemical cell or cell stack includes a water inlet in fluid communication with the anode side of the second electrochemical cell or cell stack, and an outlet in fluid communication with the cathode side of the second electrochemical cell or cell stack. A controller is configured to operate the first electrochemical cell or cell stack as a primary hydrogen source and to controllably operate the second electrochemical cell or cell stack as a secondary hydrogen source. A system is disclosed for providing hydrogen that includes a first PEM electrochemical cell or stack including a membrane electrode assembly that includes an inlet for a first gas that comprises hydrogen in fluid communication with the anode side of the first electrochemical ...more ...less
10
EP3017089A4
Publication/Patent Number: EP3017089A4
Publication date: 2017-03-08
Application number: 14820608
Filing date: 2014-07-01
11
WO2017040625A1
Publication/Patent Number: WO2017040625A1
Publication date: 2017-03-09
Application number: 2016049649
Filing date: 2016-08-31
Abstract: A method of manufacturing electrochemical cell stacks of different sizes or configurations is disclosed in which a first planar module having a first planar size and configuration is assembled from a first inventory of parts including planar modular parts having mating surfaces along connectable ends. The planar modular parts are connected in a co-planar configuration to form the first planar module having the first size and configuration. A second inventory of parts including planar modular parts in common with the first inventory is identified A method of manufacturing electrochemical cell stacks of different sizes or configurations is disclosed in which a first planar module having a first planar size and configuration is assembled from a first inventory of parts including planar modular parts having mating surfaces ...more ...less
12
US9518331B2
Publication/Patent Number: US9518331B2
Publication date: 2016-12-13
Application number: 14/321,123
Filing date: 2014-07-01
Abstract: A system is disclosed for providing hydrogen that includes a first PEM electrochemical cell or stack including a membrane electrode assembly that includes an inlet for a first gas that comprises hydrogen in fluid communication with the anode side of the first electrochemical cell or cell stack, and an outlet in fluid communication with the cathode side of the first electrochemical cell or stack. A second electrochemical cell or cell stack includes a water inlet in fluid communication with the anode side of the second electrochemical cell or cell stack, and an outlet in fluid communication with the cathode side of the second electrochemical cell or cell stack. A controller is configured to operate the first electrochemical cell or cell stack as a primary hydrogen source and to controllably operate the second electrochemical cell or cell stack as a secondary hydrogen source. A system is disclosed for providing hydrogen that includes a first PEM electrochemical cell or stack including a membrane electrode assembly that includes an inlet for a first gas that comprises hydrogen in fluid communication with the anode side of the first electrochemical ...more ...less
13
EP3017089A1
Publication/Patent Number: EP3017089A1
Publication date: 2016-05-11
Application number: 14820608.9
Filing date: 2014-07-01
14
CN105518184A
Publication/Patent Number: CN105518184A
Publication date: 2016-04-20
Application number: 201480038135
Filing date: 2014-07-01
Abstract: A system is disclosed for providing hydrogen that includes a first PEM electrochemical cell or stack including a membrane electrode assembly that includes an inlet for a first gas that comprises hydrogen in fluid communication with the anode side of the first electrochemical cell or cell stack A system is disclosed for providing hydrogen that includes a first PEM electrochemical cell or stack including a membrane electrode assembly that includes an inlet for a first gas that comprises hydrogen in fluid communication with the anode side of the first electrochemical ...more ...less
15
KR20160025581A
Publication/Patent Number: KR20160025581A
Publication date: 2016-03-08
Application number: 20167002159
Filing date: 2014-07-01
Abstract: 제1 전기화학 전지 또는 전지 스택의 애노드 측과 유체 연통(fluid communication)되는 수소를 포함하는 제1 가스에 대한 유입부
16
WO2015002953A1
Publication/Patent Number: WO2015002953A1
Publication date: 2015-01-08
Application number: 2014045056
Filing date: 2014-07-01
Abstract: A system is disclosed for providing hydrogen that includes a first PEM electrochemical cell or stack including a membrane electrode assembly that includes an inlet for a first gas that comprises hydrogen in fluid communication with the anode side of the first electrochemical cell or cell stack A system is disclosed for providing hydrogen that includes a first PEM electrochemical cell or stack including a membrane electrode assembly that includes an inlet for a first gas that comprises hydrogen in fluid communication with the anode side of the first electrochemical ...more ...less
17
US20150001092A1
Publication/Patent Number: US20150001092A1
Publication date: 2015-01-01
Application number: 14/321,123
Filing date: 2014-07-01
Abstract: A system is disclosed for providing hydrogen that includes a first PEM electrochemical cell or stack including a membrane electrode assembly that includes an inlet for a first gas that comprises hydrogen in fluid communication with the anode side of the first electrochemical cell or cell stack, and an outlet in fluid communication with the cathode side of the first electrochemical cell or stack. A second electrochemical cell or cell stack includes a water inlet in fluid communication with the anode side of the second electrochemical cell or cell stack, and an outlet in fluid communication with the cathode side of the second electrochemical cell or cell stack. A controller is configured to operate the first electrochemical cell or cell stack as a primary hydrogen source and to controllably operate the second electrochemical cell or cell stack as a secondary hydrogen source. A system is disclosed for providing hydrogen that includes a first PEM electrochemical cell or stack including a membrane electrode assembly that includes an inlet for a first gas that comprises hydrogen in fluid communication with the anode side of the first electrochemical ...more ...less
18
US7354675B2
Publication/Patent Number: US7354675B2
Publication date: 2008-04-08
Application number: 09/965,679
Filing date: 2001-09-27
Abstract: An electrochemical cell includes a first electrode, a second electrode, a proton exchange membrane disposed between and in intimate contact with the electrodes, and a pressure pad disposed in electrical communication with the first electrode. The pressure pad is an electrically conductive sheet and is of a structure that is conformable to pressure variations within the cell. Methods of forming the pressure pad include disposing dimples or corrugations at the electrically conductive member. A method of maintaining compression within the cell includes disposing the electrically conductive member and the compression member at the first electrode, applying a load at the cell to compress the cell components, and maintaining electrical communication through the electrically conductive member. An electrochemical cell includes a first electrode, a second electrode, a proton exchange membrane disposed between and in intimate contact with the electrodes, and a pressure pad disposed in electrical communication with the first electrode. The pressure pad is an electrically ...more ...less
19
US7166382B2
Publication/Patent Number: US7166382B2
Publication date: 2007-01-23
Application number: 09/965,630
Filing date: 2001-09-27
Abstract: Treated porous flow field members are used to support membranes in electrochemical cells and to enhance fluid flow to and from the membrane. The treated porous includes a support material having at least a portion thereof treated with a quantity of hydrophobic polymer, a quantity of hydrophilic polymer, or a quantity of a mixture of a hydrophobic polymer and a hydrophilic polymer. Depending on the type of treatment and the placement of the polymer-treated porous support, various fluid flow enhancements are attained. Treated porous flow field members are used to support membranes in electrochemical cells and to enhance fluid flow to and from the membrane. The treated porous includes a support material having at least a portion thereof treated with a quantity of hydrophobic polymer, a ...more ...less
20
US7241522B2
Publication/Patent Number: US7241522B2
Publication date: 2007-07-10
Application number: 11/047,119
Filing date: 2005-01-31
Abstract: An exemplary embodiment of a regenerative electrochemical cell system, comprises: a fuel cell module, an electrolysis module, a heat exchange, and an inverted hydrogen storage device. The fuel cell module can comprise a fuel cell hydrogen inlet in fluid communication a hydrogen storage system, and a fuel cell oxygen inlet in fluid communication with a surrounding atmosphere and in fluid communication with a gaseous portion of an oxygen/water phase separation device. The electrolysis module can comprise an electrolysis water inlet in fluid communication with the water storage device via the fuel cell module, and an electrolysis water outlet in fluid communication with a second water storage device. The inverted hydrogen storage device can comprise a fluid inlet in fluid communication with an electrolysis hydrogen outlet, and a gas outlet in fluid communication with a fuel cell hydrogen inlet. An exemplary embodiment of a regenerative electrochemical cell system, comprises: a fuel cell module, an electrolysis module, a heat exchange, and an inverted hydrogen storage device. The fuel cell module can comprise a fuel cell hydrogen inlet in fluid communication a hydrogen ...more ...less