Country
Full text data for US and EP
Status
Type
Filing Date
Publication Date
Inventor
Assignee
Click to expand
IPC
No.
Publication Number
Title
Publication/Patent Number Publication/Patent Number
Publication date Publication date
Application number Application number
Filing date Filing date
Inventor Inventor
Assignee Assignee
IPC IPC
1
EP3434979A1
Publication/Patent Number: EP3434979A1
Publication date: 2019-01-30
Application number: 18185203.9
Filing date: 2018-07-24
Abstract: The invention relates to a fuel injector for injecting an over-enriched fuel and air mixture to the combustion chamber of an internal combustion engine, the fuel injector comprising a hydrocarbon liquid fuel spray nozzle (1), at least one supply (2) of a gaseous carrier, a fuel mixing and evaporation chamber (3) and an injector nozzle (4) to an engine combustion chamber, configured such that, during operation, liquid fuel is supplied through the spray nozzle to the fuel mixing and evaporation chamber (3), heated, and compressed gaseous carrier is supplied to the fuel mixing and evaporation chamber (3) injector, where both are mixed and evaporated as a result of elevated temperature, and the mixture with low oxygen content formed of evaporated fuel with the hot gaseous carrier reaches the combustion chamber, through the outlet (4), wherein the gaseous carrier is air or, alternatively, flue gas, at elevated pressure and temperature and having a composition that prevents the initiation of flame combustion, and the gaseous carrier has oxygen content low enough to prevent the initiation of combustion, even under conditions of elevated pressure and temperature. The invention relates to a fuel injector for injecting an over-enriched fuel and air mixture to the combustion chamber of an internal combustion engine, the fuel injector comprising a hydrocarbon liquid fuel spray nozzle (1), at least one supply (2) of a gaseous carrier, a fuel ...more ...less
2
US10190554B2
Publication/Patent Number: US10190554B2
Publication date: 2019-01-29
Application number: 15/126,134
Filing date: 2014-12-12
Abstract: In a fuel supply device for separating raw fuel into high-octane fuel and low-octane fuel and supplying the fuel, to arrange the structural components compactly and to facilitate sealing against fuel vapor, the fuel supply device (1) includes: a raw fuel tank (2) for storing raw fuel; a separator (6) provided inside the raw fuel tank to separate the raw fuel into high-octane fuel that contains a greater amount of components with high octane numbers than the raw fuel and low-octane fuel that contains a greater amount of components with low octane numbers than the raw fuel; and a high-octane fuel tank (5) provided inside the raw fuel tank to store the high-octane fuel separated from the raw fuel by the separator. In a fuel supply device for separating raw fuel into high-octane fuel and low-octane fuel and supplying the fuel, to arrange the structural components compactly and to facilitate sealing against fuel vapor, the fuel supply device (1) includes: a raw fuel tank (2) for storing raw ...more ...less
3
US20190186439A1
Publication/Patent Number: US20190186439A1
Publication date: 2019-06-20
Application number: 15/844,517
Filing date: 2017-12-15
Abstract: The present invention provides a novel apparatus and method for the gasification of liquid petroleum fuel (gasoline), that has been atomized and emulsified with atmospheric air, by implementing a multi-Stage Heat Exchanger System. The first stage employs a spigot mounted carburetor or fuel injection unit, positioned in a straight line laminar flow path, flowing into an exhaust gas heated “Shell and Tube” style heat exchanger unit. In the second stage, the already heated gasoline vapor mixture then flows into an attached compressor housing inlet of a “Draw through Turbine Heat Exchanger Compressor” component, which through an impeller means, further heats and compresses the vaporous air and gasoline mixture. The third stage, utilizes an “Exhaust Gas Heat Exchanger Coil” or alternative “Heat Exchanger Sphere”, which is fitted internally, into conduction heated metal open plenum style intake manifold. The heated gaseous air and fuel vapor mixture then flows into the engines valve controlled cylinder head intake ports, and into the engines combustion chambers. The heated air and fuel mixture is maintained in a dry homogenous gaseous form. The entire flow path of atmospheric air and gasoline vapor mixture is consistently kept heated in a uniform manor after leaving the carburetor or fuel injection unit, until it enters the engines combustion chamber. This eliminates condensation of the gaseous gasoline vapor back into a liquid form. The intent of this invention is to greatly increase the efficiency, fuel mileage and power output, and also to significantly reduce automotive exhaust emissions, from an internal combustion engine. The present invention provides a novel apparatus and method for the gasification of liquid petroleum fuel (gasoline), that has been atomized and emulsified with atmospheric air, by implementing a multi-Stage Heat Exchanger System. The first stage employs a spigot mounted ...more ...less
4
US20190063373A1
Publication/Patent Number: US20190063373A1
Publication date: 2019-02-28
Application number: 16/019,438
Filing date: 2018-06-26
Abstract: A thermal choke, includes (1) a body, comprising a heat conductive material, (2) an electric heater, on or in the body, (3) a temperature sensor, on or in the body, and (4) a fin, in a channel surrounded by the body. The thermal choke is configured to fit between a throttle assembly and a cylinder of a spark ignition engine. A thermal choke, includes (1) a body, comprising a heat conductive material, (2) an electric heater, on or in the body, (3) a temperature sensor, on or in the body, and (4) a fin, in a channel surrounded by the body. The thermal choke is configured to fit between a throttle ...more ...less
5
US20190040828A1
Publication/Patent Number: US20190040828A1
Publication date: 2019-02-07
Application number: 16/044,387
Filing date: 2018-07-24
Abstract: The invention relates to a fuel injector for injecting an over-enriched fuel and air mixture to the combustion chamber of an internal combustion engine, is characterised in that it comprises: a hydrocarbon liquid fuel spray nozzle, at least one supply of a gaseous carrier, a fuel mixing and evaporation chamber and an injector nozzle to the engine combustion chamber (C.C.), configured such that, during operation, liquid fuel is supplied and heated and compressed gaseous carrier are supplied to the fuel mixing and evaporation chamber of this injector through the spray nozzle, where they are mixed and evaporated as a result of elevated temperature, and the mixture of evaporated fuel with a hot gaseous carrier with low oxygen content thus formed reaches the combustion chamber (C.C.), through the outlet, wherein the gaseous carrier is air or, alternatively, flue gas, at elevated pressure and temperature and having a composition that prevents the initiation of flame combustion, and the gaseous carrier has oxygen content low enough to prevent the initiation of combustion, even under conditions of elevated pressure and temperature. The invention relates to a fuel injector for injecting an over-enriched fuel and air mixture to the combustion chamber of an internal combustion engine, is characterised in that it comprises: a hydrocarbon liquid fuel spray nozzle, at least one supply of a gaseous ...more ...less
6
EP3467291A1
Publication/Patent Number: EP3467291A1
Publication date: 2019-04-10
Application number: 18207002.9
Filing date: 2016-04-20
Abstract: A fluid pressure regulation and conditioning module comprises a metal manifold including a fluid flow path between fluid inlet outlets, a pressure regulator assembled to the metal manifold and disposed along the fluid flow path for regulating the pressure of the fluid exiting the module, and a filter assembly. The metal manifold further includes, for heating of the metal manifold with an externally supplied heat exchange media, a heat exchange media flow path extending between heat exchange media inlet and outlet. The filter assembly includes a metal filter housing and a filter element contained within the metal filter housing, the metal filter housing being in direct thermal contact with the metal manifold whereby heat from the metal manifold can flow to the metal filter housing for heating of the fluid not only in the metal manifold but also within the metal filter housing. A fluid pressure regulation and conditioning module comprises a metal manifold including a fluid flow path between fluid inlet outlets, a pressure regulator assembled to the metal manifold and disposed along the fluid flow path for regulating the pressure of the fluid exiting ...more ...less
7
EP2989315B1
Publication/Patent Number: EP2989315B1
Publication date: 2019-03-20
Application number: 14733399.1
Filing date: 2014-04-25
8
US10309349B2
Publication/Patent Number: US10309349B2
Publication date: 2019-06-04
Application number: 15/449,581
Filing date: 2017-03-03
Inventor: Johanning, Dean  
Abstract: A fuel vaporizer including a mist vaporizer and a boiler, the boiler being integrated with the mist vaporizer, the mist vaporizer and the boiler including a housing, baffles joined to the housing, conduit extending through the baffles, fuel in a mist form adjacent the conduit and a pool of fuel contained between the housing and baffles. A fuel vaporizer including a mist vaporizer and a boiler, the boiler being integrated with the mist vaporizer, the mist vaporizer and the boiler including a housing, baffles joined to the housing, conduit extending through the baffles, fuel in a mist form adjacent the conduit ...more ...less
9
US20190017473A1
Publication/Patent Number: US20190017473A1
Publication date: 2019-01-17
Application number: 16/108,812
Filing date: 2018-08-22
Inventor: Johanning, Dean  
Abstract: A fuel vaporizer including fuel injectors is described herein. The vaporizer includes a housing having a plurality of baffles defining a plurality of chambers, with each of the plurality of baffles defining an aperture between adjacent chamber, and the apertures define a flow path from the air inlet, through the plurality of chambers, and to the vapor outlet. A conduit extends through the baffles and chambers, and the conduit is adapted to accept a flow exhaust gas and transfer thermal energy from the exhaust gas to an airflow along the flow path A fuel injector is positioned in the housing to inject fuel into the flow path in the first chamber, the thermal energy from the conduit vaporizing the fuel injected into the airflow and producing the flow of vaporized fuel. The fuel vaporizer may include a heat exchanger pre-heating the airflow and electric heating elements supplementing the conduit heating. A fuel vaporizer including fuel injectors is described herein. The vaporizer includes a housing having a plurality of baffles defining a plurality of chambers, with each of the plurality of baffles defining an aperture between adjacent chamber, and the apertures define a flow ...more ...less
10
EP3431382A1
Publication/Patent Number: EP3431382A1
Publication date: 2019-01-23
Application number: 17767026.2
Filing date: 2017-03-17
Abstract: According to the present invention, a ship including a gas re-vaporizing system including a re-vaporizing apparatus, which re-vaporizes liquefied gas through seawater supplied by a seawater supply apparatus, supplies a fluid inside a seawater storage tank, which maintains pressure of seawater flowing in a circulation connection line, to the circulation connection line, in order to implement the switch of an operation mode of the seawater supply apparatus from an open loop mode to a close loop mode non-stop. According to the present invention, a ship including a gas re-vaporizing system including a re-vaporizing apparatus, which re-vaporizes liquefied gas through seawater supplied by a seawater supply apparatus, supplies a fluid inside a seawater storage tank, which maintains ...more ...less
11
EP3467292A1
Publication/Patent Number: EP3467292A1
Publication date: 2019-04-10
Application number: 18207006.0
Filing date: 2016-04-20
Abstract: A fluid pressure regulation and conditioning module comprises a metal manifold including a fluid flow path between fluid inlet outlets, a pressure regulator assembled to the metal manifold and disposed along the fluid flow path for regulating the pressure of the fluid exiting the module, and a filter assembly. The metal manifold further includes, for heating of the metal manifold with an externally supplied heat exchange media, a heat exchange media flow path extending between heat exchange media inlet and outlet. The filter assembly includes a metal filter housing and a filter element contained within the metal filter housing, the metal filter housing being in direct thermal contact with the metal manifold whereby heat from the metal manifold can flow to the metal filter housing for heating of the fluid not only in the metal manifold but also within the metal filter housing. A fluid pressure regulation and conditioning module comprises a metal manifold including a fluid flow path between fluid inlet outlets, a pressure regulator assembled to the metal manifold and disposed along the fluid flow path for regulating the pressure of the fluid exiting ...more ...less
12
US20190195162A1
Publication/Patent Number: US20190195162A1
Publication date: 2019-06-27
Application number: 16/312,156
Filing date: 2017-06-26
Abstract: A vehicle comprising: an internal combustion engine configured to generate an engine torque using high-gasoline content fuel; at least one fuel injector configured to deliver the high-gasoline content fuel to a cylinder of the engine; at least one heating element configured to heat the high-gasoline content fuel prior to it being delivered to the cylinder by the fuel injector; a fuel pump connected to the heating element to supply high-gasoline to the heating element, the fuel pump being configured to pressurise the high-gasoline content fuel; and an engine controller configured to control the engine torque generated by the engine and control the fuel pressure generated by the fuel pump, the engine controller using a heated-fuel behaviour model of the engine, when the fuel is being heated by the heating element(s), to: (i) control an amount of fuel delivered by the fuel injector, the heated-fuel behaviour model causing a reduced fuel injection amount for a given engine torque relative to unheated high-gasoline content fuel; and (ii) cause a higher fuel pressure to be generated by the fuel pump relative to unheated high-gasoline content fuel. A vehicle comprising: an internal combustion engine configured to generate an engine torque using high-gasoline content fuel; at least one fuel injector configured to deliver the high-gasoline content fuel to a cylinder of the engine; at least one heating element configured to ...more ...less
13
RU2651021C1
Publication/Patent Number: RU2651021C1
Publication date: 2018-04-18
Application number: 2017120445
Filing date: 2017-06-09
Abstract: FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in internal combustion engines (ICE) fuel injection systems. Diesel fuel supply system is proposed with additional fuel containing fuel tanks 1 and 2, coarse 4 and fine filters 7, fuel feed pumps of main 5 and additional 6 fuel fuel lines, high pressure fuel pump 8 and fuel injector 9 for supplying the main fuel, pressure reducing valve 10, additional fuel evaporator 11, heater 13, electronic controller 14, temperature sensors 15. In the additional fuel evaporator 11, electromagnetic ultrasonic cavitator 17 is installed in front of heater 13.EFFECT: reduction of energy costs associated with evaporation and mixture formation of additional fuel, depending on the operating conditions of the diesel engine.1 cl, 1 dwg FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in internal combustion engines (ICE) fuel injection systems. Diesel fuel supply system is proposed with additional fuel containing fuel tanks 1 and 2, coarse 4 and fine filters 7, fuel feed pumps of main 5 and additional ...more ...less
14
KR20180028187A
Publication/Patent Number: KR20180028187A
Publication date: 2018-03-16
Application number: 20160115564
Filing date: 2016-09-08
Inventor: Lee, Kwang Jin  
Abstract: A gas regasification system according to the present invention is a gas regasification system including a regasifying device regasifying liquefied gas through sea water supplied by a sea water supply device, wherein the sea water supply device includes a sea water discharge line discharging the sea water from the regasifying device, and at least a part of the sea water discharge line is formed at a higher location than that of the regasifying device. A gas regasification system according to the present invention is a gas regasification system including a regasifying device regasifying liquefied gas through sea water supplied by a sea water supply device, wherein the sea water supply device includes a sea water discharge line ...more ...less
15
US9885324B2
Publication/Patent Number: US9885324B2
Publication date: 2018-02-06
Application number: 15/323,964
Filing date: 2014-12-05
Inventor: Guo, Yuanjun  
Assignee: Guo, Yuanjun
Abstract: An efficient thermal energy power engine is disclosed. A gasification reactor is arranged on a cylinder head of an internal combustion engine. Gasifying plates are arranged with gaps on the cylinder head. An upper portion of the gasification reactor is connected to an atomizer. The atomizer is connected to a pressure pump via a pipe. The pressure pump is connected to a liquid storage tank via a pipe. The liquid storage tank is connected to a cooler via a pipe. The cooler is connected to an exhaust passage via a pipe. Heat absorption plates are arranged inside the exhaust passage in parallel in an air flow direction. The heat absorption plates absorb thermal energy of exhaust gas and transfer the thermal energy to the gasification reactor. The cylinder body of the internal combustion engine is wrapped with an insulation layer. An efficient thermal energy power engine is disclosed. A gasification reactor is arranged on a cylinder head of an internal combustion engine. Gasifying plates are arranged with gaps on the cylinder head. An upper portion of the gasification reactor is connected to an atomizer ...more ...less
16
US10030613B2
Publication/Patent Number: US10030613B2
Publication date: 2018-07-24
Application number: 14/677,971
Filing date: 2015-04-02
Abstract: A method for supplying gaseous fuel from a liquid state to an internal combustion engine includes employing a second internal combustion engine as a source of energy, pumping the gaseous fuel in the liquid state by transforming energy from the source of energy into mechanical work for the pumping, exchanging waste heat from the second internal combustion engine in a first heat exchange fluid circulating through the second internal combustion engine to a second heat exchange fluid, vaporizing the gaseous fuel pumped from the liquid state with heat from the second heat exchange fluid, and delivering the gaseous fuel vaporized from the liquid state to the internal combustion engine. Pressure of the gaseous fuel delivered to the internal combustion engine is maintained within a predetermined range of tolerance by the pumping. A method for supplying gaseous fuel from a liquid state to an internal combustion engine includes employing a second internal combustion engine as a source of energy, pumping the gaseous fuel in the liquid state by transforming energy from the source of energy into mechanical ...more ...less
17
US20180216583A1
Publication/Patent Number: US20180216583A1
Publication date: 2018-08-02
Application number: 15/883,019
Filing date: 2018-01-29
Abstract: An internal combustion engine for a motor vehicle may include at least one cylinder including a combustion chamber for combusting a fuel-air mixture introduced into the combustion chamber. The engine may also include at least one fuel injector and a fresh air feed. The engine may further include an exhaust gas discharge for discharging exhaust gas from the combustion chamber and an exhaust gas recirculation for recirculating the discharged exhaust gas into the combustion chamber. Additionally, the engine may include a heat exchanger arranged in the exhaust gas recirculation, the heat exchanger may include at least one first fluid path and at least one second fluid path. A knock number of the fuel may be increased when the fuel flows through the heat exchanger. The at least one second fluid path may fluidically communicate with the at least one fuel injector. An internal combustion engine for a motor vehicle may include at least one cylinder including a combustion chamber for combusting a fuel-air mixture introduced into the combustion chamber. The engine may also include at least one fuel injector and a fresh air feed. The engine ...more ...less
18
US20180363596A1
Publication/Patent Number: US20180363596A1
Publication date: 2018-12-20
Application number: 16/108,892
Filing date: 2018-08-22
Abstract: A surgical frame and method for use thereof is provided. The surgical frame is capable of reconfiguration before, during, or after surgery. The surgical frame includes a main beam that can be rotated, raised/lowered, and tilted upwardly/downwardly to afford positioning and repositioning of a patient supported thereon. The main beam is capable of be reconfigured between a left configuration and a right configuration to support the patient in different positions thereon. A surgical frame and method for use thereof is provided. The surgical frame is capable of reconfiguration before, during, or after surgery. The surgical frame includes a main beam that can be rotated, raised/lowered, and tilted upwardly/downwardly to afford positioning and ...more ...less