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1
US2005212936A1
Publication/Patent Number: US2005212936A1
Publication date: 2005-09-29
Application number: 10/809,073
Filing date: 2004-03-25
Inventor: Parks, Christopher  
Abstract: An image sensor comprising a plurality of pixels in which at least two or more pixels have a charge control structure used to change charge capacity during the integration time; wherein at substantially a beginning of an exposure time the charge capacity is altered to substantially zero by either the charge control structure or a read-out mechanism and the charge capacity is changed by the charge control structure throughout the exposure time such that substantially no portion of the pixel photo response curve is substantially linear. An image sensor comprising a plurality of pixels in which at least two or more pixels have a charge control structure used to change charge capacity during the integration time; wherein at substantially a beginning of an exposure time the charge capacity is altered to ...more ...less
2
US2005213667A1
Publication/Patent Number: US2005213667A1
Publication date: 2005-09-29
Application number: 11/138,825
Filing date: 2005-05-25
Abstract: Images are obtained for image compression. The images are compared using sum of absolute difference devices, which have arithmetic parts, and accumulators. The sign bits of the accumulators are determined at a time of minimum distortion between two images. These sign bits are associated with sets of probabilistically-similar parts. When other sets from that set are obtained later, an early exit is established. Images are obtained for image compression. The images are compared using sum of absolute difference devices, which have arithmetic parts, and accumulators. The sign bits of the accumulators are determined at a time of minimum distortion between two images. These sign bits are ...more ...less
3
US2005178277A1
Publication/Patent Number: US2005178277A1
Publication date: 2005-08-18
Application number: 11/060,072
Filing date: 2005-02-17
Inventor: Simonsen, Carsten  
Abstract: A method of distributing a charge of particulate material onto a substrate employs a separator having a first part including a first input, a first output, and a delay line for delaying the transfer of the charge from the first input to the first output; and a second part including a diffuser with a second input that receives the charge from the first output, and a second output through which the charge is spread and delivered to the substrate. The substrate and the separator are moved relative to one another for positioning the substrate below the separator in registration with the second output, and the charge is delivered to the first input. After the charge is distributed onto the substrate, the substrate and the separator are again moved relative to one another to remove the substrate from the position in registration with the second output. A method of distributing a charge of particulate material onto a substrate employs a separator having a first part including a first input, a first output, and a delay line for delaying the transfer of the charge from the first input to the first output; and a second part ...more ...less
4
US2004259008A1
Publication/Patent Number: US2004259008A1
Publication date: 2004-12-23
Application number: 10/715,433
Filing date: 2003-11-19
Abstract: After forming a resist film including a hygroscopic compound, pattern exposure is performed by selectively irradiating the resist film with exposing light while supplying water onto the resist film. After the pattern exposure, the resist film is developed so as to form a resist pattern. After forming a resist film including a hygroscopic compound, pattern exposure is performed by selectively irradiating the resist film with exposing light while supplying water onto the resist film. After the pattern exposure, the resist film is developed so as to form a resist ...more ...less
5
US2004256934A1
Publication/Patent Number: US2004256934A1
Publication date: 2004-12-23
Application number: 10/896,030
Filing date: 2004-07-22
Abstract: The invention relates to a fixing unit comprises a multi-part, electrically conductive base body provided with connections for the electric power supply of the electrically conductive basebody and additional connections for the electric motor and which is arranged in an electrically non-conductive support comprising at least two fixing holes. The multi-part, electrically conductive base body and the electrically non-conductive support are provided with a common recess. The invention relates to a fixing unit comprises a multi-part, electrically conductive base body provided with connections for the electric power supply of the electrically conductive basebody and additional connections for the electric motor and which is arranged in an ...more ...less
6
US2004081900A1
Publication/Patent Number: US2004081900A1
Publication date: 2004-04-29
Application number: 10/467,269
Filing date: 2003-08-06
Abstract: The invention concerns a mask-free localised grafting of organic molecules capable of being electrically activated, on a composite surface comprising conductive and/or semiconductive portions, by contacting said organic molecules with said composite surface, whereby the grafting is carried out electrochemically in one single step on specific selected zones of said conductive and/or semiconductive portions, said zones being brought to a potential not less than an electric potential threshold determined relative to a reference electrode, said electric potential threshold being the potential beyond which the grafting of said organic molecules occurs. The invention concerns a mask-free localised grafting of organic molecules capable of being electrically activated, on a composite surface comprising conductive and/or semiconductive portions, by contacting said organic molecules with said composite surface, whereby the grafting ...more ...less
7
US2004126690A1
Publication/Patent Number: US2004126690A1
Publication date: 2004-07-01
Application number: 10/624,689
Filing date: 2003-07-23
Abstract: The invention provides an electrophotographic laminated film and a method for producing the electrophotographic laminated film. The electrophotographic laminated film comprises a substrate and at least one of a coating layer and a function control means provided on a surface of the substrate. The uppermost layer of the coating layer has a surface resistance in a range of 1.0×108 to 1.0×1013 &OHgr;/□. The surface of the substrate preferably comprises at least one of a polycarbonate resin and a polyallylate resin. At least one of the coating layer and the function control means is preferably formed by providing a coating liquid. Further, a solvent contained in the coating liquid is preferably permits at least one of the coating layer and function control means to be formed while dissolving the surface of the substrate. The invention provides an electrophotographic laminated film and a method for producing the electrophotographic laminated film. The electrophotographic laminated film comprises a substrate and at least one of a coating layer and a function control means provided on a surface of ...more ...less
8
US2003180640A1
Publication/Patent Number: US2003180640A1
Publication date: 2003-09-25
Application number: 10/101,225
Filing date: 2002-03-20
Inventor: Darty, Mark A.  
Abstract: An image forming apparatus useable with colorant and media includes a colorant applicator at which colorant is provided, and a nanotube assembly that emits electron beams to selectively charge the colorant on the colorant applicator, such that one of the charged and uncharged colorant is electrically attractable to the media. An image forming apparatus useable with colorant and media includes a colorant applicator at which colorant is provided, and a nanotube assembly that emits electron beams to selectively charge the colorant on the colorant applicator, such that one of the charged and uncharged ...more ...less
9
US2003013027A1
Publication/Patent Number: US2003013027A1
Publication date: 2003-01-16
Application number: 10/193,299
Filing date: 2002-07-12
Abstract: A ceramic decal which can be transferred to a ceramic substrate. The decal comprises a desired digital graphic image. The decal is prepared in a one-step process without the need for either a film separation step or a screen-printing or similar printing step. The digital graphic image is printed, by using ceramic toner in a color laser printer, onto suitable decal paper. The decal paper is then over coated by screen-printing or hot laminating. A ceramic decal which can be transferred to a ceramic substrate. The decal comprises a desired digital graphic image. The decal is prepared in a one-step process without the need for either a film separation step or a screen-printing or similar printing step. The digital graphic ...more ...less
10
US2003150329A1
Publication/Patent Number: US2003150329A1
Publication date: 2003-08-14
Application number: 10/356,571
Filing date: 2003-02-03
Inventor: Kamono, Takashi  
Abstract: The object of this invention is to provide a technique of effectively purging a space almost closed with a master and pellicle film with inert gas in an exposure apparatus which uses ultraviolet rays as exposure light, purges the interior of the apparatus with inert gas, and projects the pattern of a master onto a photosensitive substrate via a projection optical system. To achieve this object, a plurality of vent holes are formed in a structure obtained by surrounding by a surrounding member a gas purge space to be purged with inert gas. A vessel which forms a space around the structure is filled with inert gas to cause inert gas to enter the gas purge space, purging the gas purge space with inert gas. The object of this invention is to provide a technique of effectively purging a space almost closed with a master and pellicle film with inert gas in an exposure apparatus which uses ultraviolet rays as exposure light, purges the interior of the apparatus with inert gas, and ...more ...less
11
US2003203299A1
Publication/Patent Number: US2003203299A1
Publication date: 2003-10-30
Application number: 10/134,168
Filing date: 2002-04-26
Abstract: The invention comprises a method of preparing an imaged member comprising a substrate having an imagable coating on a face thereof, the method comprising the steps of: (a) imaging a precursor of the member to produce an imaged member which includes image and non-image areas on the coated face; and (b) treating the substrate to increase its dimensional stability, the treatment comprising at least one of: (i) effecting a change in the chemical structure of the substrate, or (ii) coating a non-coated face of the substrate with a fluid, gel, or particulate solid. The invention comprises a method of preparing an imaged member comprising a substrate having an imagable coating on a face thereof, the method comprising the steps of: (a) imaging a precursor of the member to produce an imaged member which includes image and non-image areas on ...more ...less
12
US2003049556A1
Publication/Patent Number: US2003049556A1
Publication date: 2003-03-13
Application number: 10/106,440
Filing date: 2002-03-27
Abstract: In an electrophotographic process using an amorphous silicon photosensitive member which has a surface protective layer and effecting reverse development and cleaning with a cleaning blade, the surface moving speed PS (mm/sec) of the photosensitive member is 320 mm/sec or more and a film thickness and a specific resistance value of the surface protective layer are respectively Ds (&mgr;m) and Rs (&OHgr;·cm) which fulfill the following conditions: 1.0×109≦Rs≦1.0×1013Ds≦−0.136Ln(Rs)+(−0.004×PS+6). In an electrophotographic process using an amorphous silicon photosensitive member which has a surface protective layer and effecting reverse development and cleaning with a cleaning blade, the surface moving speed PS (mm/sec) of the photosensitive member is 320 mm/sec or more ...more ...less
13
US2003015661A1
Publication/Patent Number: US2003015661A1
Publication date: 2003-01-23
Application number: 10/188,879
Filing date: 2002-07-02
Abstract: The present invention relates to a radioactive electron emitting microchannel plate. More particularly, to a radioactive electron generating microchannel plate comprising (a) a pair of parallel substrates; (b) at least one radioactive material layer deposited on an inner surface of the substrates; and (c) at least one electron ray-amplifying layer deposited on the surface of the radioactive material layer. The emitted electron ray is amplified by penetrating into the cavity formed by a pair of parallel substrates and is further amplified by reflecting from the electron ray-amplifying layer. As the substrate in the microchannel plate, use can be made of a capillary tube or a thin plate. The microchannel plate of the present invention can be applied as an electron ray source in an electron ray-generating device, an image display device, and electron ray-etching device. The present invention relates to a radioactive electron emitting microchannel plate. More particularly, to a radioactive electron generating microchannel plate comprising (a) a pair of parallel substrates; (b) at least one radioactive material layer deposited on an inner surface ...more ...less
14
US2002182520A1
Publication/Patent Number: US2002182520A1
Publication date: 2002-12-05
Application number: 09/998,340
Filing date: 2001-12-03
Inventor: Torikoshi, Kaoru  
Abstract: An image recording material on which an image can be formed by electrophotography, and a method for producing the same. The material comprises a substrate having transparency, an image being formable by an electrophotography system on one side of the substrate, and a characteristic controlling member which is provided at a side of the substrate which is opposite to the side where the image is formed. The image is printed as a mirror image which can be viewed through the substrate. The characteristic controlling member can be provided with functions such as heat resistance, light resistance, glossiness adjustment and the like. Thus, an image of high quality having sufficient heat resistance and light resistance and good visibility, even for outdoor use, can be formed, and manufacture thereof is easy. An image recording material on which an image can be formed by electrophotography, and a method for producing the same. The material comprises a substrate having transparency, an image being formable by an electrophotography system on one side of the substrate, and a ...more ...less
15
US2002175283A1
Publication/Patent Number: US2002175283A1
Publication date: 2002-11-28
Application number: 09/866,361
Filing date: 2001-05-24
Abstract: A compact detector for secondary and backscattered electrons in a scanning electron beam system includes a microchannel plate detector and a solid state detector connected in a tandem manner. The detector offers large bandwidth and high dynamic range. The detector can be used for article inspection, lithography, metrology, and other related applications. The compactness of the detector makes it ideally suited for utilization in a miniature electron beam column, such as a microcolumn. A compact detector for secondary and backscattered electrons in a scanning electron beam system includes a microchannel plate detector and a solid state detector connected in a tandem manner. The detector offers large bandwidth and high dynamic range. The detector can be used ...more ...less
16
US2002192579A1
Publication/Patent Number: US2002192579A1
Publication date: 2002-12-19
Application number: 10/166,640
Filing date: 2002-06-12
Inventor: Kamono, Takashi  
Abstract: Gas purge is performed in a pellicle space surrounded by a reticle and pellicle film. First and second openable/closable lids are attached to a pellicle support frame. Lid suction nozzle proximity mechanisms and lid suction nozzles for opening/closing the first and second lids of the pellicle support frame, inert gas supply and discharge nozzles, a pellicle flexure measurement unit for measuring the flexure of the pellicle film, and an impurity detection device for measuring an impurity concentration in the pellicle space are inserted in a reticle transfer path. Gas for gas purge is supplied into the pellicle space. Gas purge is performed in a pellicle space surrounded by a reticle and pellicle film. First and second openable/closable lids are attached to a pellicle support frame. Lid suction nozzle proximity mechanisms and lid suction nozzles for opening/closing the first and second lids ...more ...less
17
US2002058189A1
Publication/Patent Number: US2002058189A1
Publication date: 2002-05-16
Application number: 09/954,252
Filing date: 2001-09-18
Abstract: In an electrophotographic belt member comprising a resin composition, the resin composition contains from 30% by weight to 90% by weight of a thermoplastic resin, from 2% by weight to 30% by weight of a compound selected from the group consisting of a polyether-ester amide, a polyether ester and a polyether amide, from 0% by weight to 5% by weight of an electrolyte, and from 2% by weight to 50% by weight of an insulating filler. Also disclosed are a process for producing the electrophotographic belt member, and an electrophotographic apparatus having the electrophotographic belt member. In an electrophotographic belt member comprising a resin composition, the resin composition contains from 30% by weight to 90% by weight of a thermoplastic resin, from 2% by weight to 30% by weight of a compound selected from the group consisting of a polyether-ester amide, a ...more ...less
18
US2001044031A1
Publication/Patent Number: US2001044031A1
Publication date: 2001-11-22
Application number: 09/770,321
Filing date: 2001-01-26
Abstract: The present invention provides an image receiving sheet applicable to an over head projector (OHP) and a process for forming an OHP image. The image receiving sheet is capable of forming a yellow image providing a parallel-ray transmittance (Y) of 50% or more when the transmittance density (X) is in a range from 0 to 1.0 by electrophotography. The image receiving sheet is capable of forming a yellow image providing a haze value (Z) of 40% or less when the transmittance density (X) is in a range from 0 to 1.0 by electrophotography. The present invention provides an image receiving sheet applicable to an over head projector (OHP) and a process for forming an OHP image. The image receiving sheet is capable of forming a yellow image providing a parallel-ray transmittance (Y) of 50% or more when the ...more ...less
19
US2001012595A1
Publication/Patent Number: US2001012595A1
Publication date: 2001-08-09
Application number: 09/773,735
Filing date: 2001-02-02
Inventor: