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1
US10168628B2
Publication/Patent Number: US10168628B2
Publication date: 2019-01-01
Application number: 16/005,099
Filing date: 2018-06-11
Abstract: A metallic ingot for impact pressing includes a contact surface of the metallic ingot to contact a male mold in impact pressing having a maximum height roughness Rz of 20 μm to 50 μm and an average length of a roughness curve element RSm of 150 μm to 400 μm, the male mold being to be used in combination with a female mold in the impact pressing. A metallic ingot for impact pressing includes a contact surface of the metallic ingot to contact a male mold in impact pressing having a maximum height roughness Rz of 20 μm to 50 μm and an average length of a roughness curve element RSm of 150 μm to 400 ...more ...less
2
US10203616B2
Publication/Patent Number: US10203616B2
Publication date: 2019-02-12
Application number: 15/622,843
Filing date: 2017-06-14
Abstract: The present invention relates to an electrophotographic photoreceptor comprising: a conductive support; and a photosensitive layer on the conductive support, wherein the photosensitive layer contains a charge transport substance, a binder resin, and a compound which has a molecular weight of equal to or less than 350, and is represented by General Formula (1). The present invention relates to an electrophotographic photoreceptor comprising: a conductive support; and a photosensitive layer on the conductive support, wherein the photosensitive layer contains a charge transport substance, a binder resin, and a compound which has a ...more ...less
3
US20190004442A1
Publication/Patent Number: US20190004442A1
Publication date: 2019-01-03
Application number: 16/007,871
Filing date: 2018-06-13
Abstract: An electrophotographic photosensitive member includes an electroconductive support member and a photosensitive layer. The uppermost layer of the electrophotographic photosensitive member defines a surface layer, and the surface layer contains polytetrafluoroethylene particles, a charge transporting material, and polyvinyl acetal. The proportion of the polyvinyl acetal content to the polytetrafluoroethylene particles content in the surface layer is in the range of 0.1% by mass to 15.0% by mass, and the charge transporting material content in the surface layer is 35% by mass or more relative to the total mass of the surface layer. An electrophotographic photosensitive member includes an electroconductive support member and a photosensitive layer. The uppermost layer of the electrophotographic photosensitive member defines a surface layer, and the surface layer contains polytetrafluoroethylene particles, a ...more ...less
4
US20190107790A1
Publication/Patent Number: US20190107790A1
Publication date: 2019-04-11
Application number: 16/210,378
Filing date: 2018-12-05
Abstract: The present invention relates to an electrophotographic photoreceptor which is a positive charging type electrophotographic photoreceptor comprising a conductive support and a photosensitive layer on the conductive support, wherein the photosensitive layer contains at least a charge generating material, a hole transport material, an electron transport material, and a binder resin in the same layer, and a residual potential VL1 at a point at which an exposure amount for forming a latent image is 0.3 μJ/cm2 is equal to or lower than 130 V when an initial surface potential V0 is set to +700 V, exposure with monochromatic light of 780 nm is performed and measurement is performed by a dynamic method. The present invention relates to an electrophotographic photoreceptor which is a positive charging type electrophotographic photoreceptor comprising a conductive support and a photosensitive layer on the conductive support, wherein the photosensitive layer contains at least a ...more ...less
5
US10185237B2
Publication/Patent Number: US10185237B2
Publication date: 2019-01-22
Application number: 14/992,603
Filing date: 2016-01-11
Abstract: An electrophotographic photoreceptor comprises a conductive support and, at least a photosensitive layer on the conductive support, wherein the photosensitive layer includes a polyarylate resin and the polyarylate resin has a repeating structure represented by formula (1), and the amount of bisphenol residues represented by formula (3) after the polyarylate resin is hydrolyzed, is 0.2% to 1%, in terms of intensity ratio, based on the total amount of bisphenol residues represented by formula (2) and formula (3) after the polyarylate resin is hydrolyzed, the bisphenol residues being detected with a gas chromatograph employing a hydrogen flame ionization detector (FID). An electrophotographic photoreceptor comprises a conductive support and, at least a photosensitive layer on the conductive support, wherein the photosensitive layer includes a polyarylate resin and the polyarylate resin has a repeating structure represented by formula (1), and ...more ...less
6
US10303070B2
Publication/Patent Number: US10303070B2
Publication date: 2019-05-28
Application number: 15/818,759
Filing date: 2017-11-21
Inventor: Fukuma, Michinori  
Abstract: An electrophotographic photoreceptor includes a conductive substrate and a photosensitive layer disposed so as to overlie the conductive substrate and containing a first charge-transporting material having two triphenylamine skeletons and a charge mobility of approximately 4×10−6 cm2/Vs or more and at least one second charge-transporting material selected from the group consisting of a charge-transporting material having one triphenylamine skeleton and a charge mobility of approximately 5×10−5 cm2/Vs or more, a charge-transporting material having two triphenylamine skeletons and being different from the first charge-transporting material, and a charge-transporting material having three triphenylamine skeletons, wherein the second charge-transporting material content is approximately from 0.2 weight % to 1.0 weight % relative to the total charge-transporting material content. An electrophotographic photoreceptor includes a conductive substrate and a photosensitive layer disposed so as to overlie the conductive substrate and containing a first charge-transporting material having two triphenylamine skeletons and a charge mobility of approximately ...more ...less
7
US10324386B2
Publication/Patent Number: US10324386B2
Publication date: 2019-06-18
Application number: 15/885,045
Filing date: 2018-01-31
Abstract: An object of the present invention is achieved by an electrophotographic photoreceptor containing a conductive support sequentially laminated thereon with at least a photosensitive layer and a protective layer in that order, wherein the protective layer includes a cured composition having a radical polymerizable compound for a binder, a charge transport agent having a radical polymerizable functional group, and a photopolymerization initiator; the charge transport agent having a radical polymerizable functional group has a maximum absorption wavelength in the range of 405±50 nm; and the charge transport agent having a radical polymerizable functional group and the photopolymerization initiator satisfy Formula (A), ΔG=Eox(D/D+)−Ered(A−/A)−E*≤−0.2 (eV).  Formula (A): An object of the present invention is achieved by an electrophotographic photoreceptor containing a conductive support sequentially laminated thereon with at least a photosensitive layer and a protective layer in that order, wherein the protective layer includes a cured ...more ...less
8
US20190011845A1
Publication/Patent Number: US20190011845A1
Publication date: 2019-01-10
Application number: 16/025,351
Filing date: 2018-07-02
Abstract: Provided is an electrophotographic photoconductor including: a conductive support; an undercoat layer; and a photoconductive layer, wherein the undercoat layer and the photoconductive layer are provided over the conductive support in the order of reciting, wherein the undercoat layer contains at least metal oxide particles, a binder, and a salicylic acid derivative such as 4-methylsalicylic acid, wherein the metal oxide particles have a volume resistivity of 1×105 Ω·cm or higher but 1×108 Ω·cm or lower, wherein the undercoat layer has a volume resistivity of 0.001×106 Ω·cm or higher but 0.02×106 Ω·cm or lower, and wherein the undercoat layer has a thickness of 2 micrometers or greater but 20 micrometers or less. Provided is an electrophotographic photoconductor including: a conductive support; an undercoat layer; and a photoconductive layer, wherein the undercoat layer and the photoconductive layer are provided over the conductive support in the order of reciting, wherein the undercoat ...more ...less
9
US20190056676A1
Publication/Patent Number: US20190056676A1
Publication date: 2019-02-21
Application number: 16/101,575
Filing date: 2018-08-13
Abstract: Provided is an electrophotographic photosensitive member, wherein a surface layer of the electrophotographic photosensitive member contains a copolymer of a hole-transportable compound having a polymerizable functional group and a compound represented by the following general formula (1). Ar1L1-P1)m  (1) Provided is an electrophotographic photosensitive member, wherein a surface layer of the electrophotographic photosensitive member contains a copolymer of a hole-transportable compound having a polymerizable functional group and a compound represented by the following general ...more ...less
10
US10254665B2
Publication/Patent Number: US10254665B2
Publication date: 2019-04-09
Application number: 14/474,794
Filing date: 2014-09-02
Abstract: A photoreceptor for electrophotography includes a photosensitive layer provided on a conductive substrate that contains at least a resin binder, a charge transport material, and an additive. The photoreceptor exhibits high photoresponsivity, stable electrical properties regardless of repeated use thereof, and high durability. The resin binder contains a polycarbonate resin composed of a copolymer having structural units expressed by general formulae (1) and (2) below. The charge transport material contains at least one type of stilbene compound expressed by general formulae (3), (4), and (5) below. The additive contains at least one type of diester compound expressed by general formula (6) below. A photoreceptor for electrophotography includes a photosensitive layer provided on a conductive substrate that contains at least a resin binder, a charge transport material, and an additive. The photoreceptor exhibits high photoresponsivity, stable electrical properties ...more ...less
11
EP3201691B1
Publication/Patent Number: EP3201691B1
Publication date: 2019-04-24
Application number: 15846541.9
Filing date: 2015-09-30
12
US10241428B2
Publication/Patent Number: US10241428B2
Publication date: 2019-03-26
Application number: 15/667,690
Filing date: 2017-08-03
Abstract: An electrophotographic photosensitive member includes a conductive substrate and a photosensitive layer. The photosensitive layer is a single layer. The photosensitive layer contains a charge generating material, a hole transport material, an electron transport material, and a binder resin. The photosensitive layer has a scratch resistance depth of no greater than 0.50 μm. An electrophotographic photosensitive member includes a conductive substrate and a photosensitive layer. The photosensitive layer is a single layer. The photosensitive layer contains a charge generating material, a hole transport material, an electron transport material, and a ...more ...less
13
US10197928B2
Publication/Patent Number: US10197928B2
Publication date: 2019-02-05
Application number: 15/591,692
Filing date: 2017-05-10
Abstract: The present invention relates to an electrophotographic photoreceptor which is a positive charging type electrophotographic photoreceptor comprising a conductive support and a photosensitive layer on the conductive support, wherein the photosensitive layer contains at least a charge generating material, a hole transport material, an electron transport material, and a binder resin in the same layer, and a residual potential VL1 at a point at which an exposure amount for forming a latent image is 0.3 μJ/cm2 is equal to or lower than 130 V when an initial surface potential V0 is set to +700 V, exposure with monochromatic light of 780 nm is performed and measurement is performed by a dynamic method. The present invention relates to an electrophotographic photoreceptor which is a positive charging type electrophotographic photoreceptor comprising a conductive support and a photosensitive layer on the conductive support, wherein the photosensitive layer contains at least a ...more ...less
14
US10175590B2
Publication/Patent Number: US10175590B2
Publication date: 2019-01-08
Application number: 15/128,801
Filing date: 2015-12-07
Abstract: This electrophotographic photosensitive body (20) comprises a supporting body (20a) and a photosensitive layer (20b) that is formed on the surface of the supporting body (20a). The surface of the photosensitive layer (20b) has an arithmetic mean roughness Ra within the range of from 20 nm to 100 nm (inclusive), a ten-point average roughness Rz within the range of from 0.2 μm to 1.0 μm (inclusive) and a mean spacing of profile irregularities Sm of 20 μm or less in the initial stage of use. This electrophotographic photosensitive body (20) comprises a supporting body (20a) and a photosensitive layer (20b) that is formed on the surface of the supporting body (20a). The surface of the photosensitive layer (20b) has an arithmetic mean roughness Ra within the range of ...more ...less
15
US10209639B2
Publication/Patent Number: US10209639B2
Publication date: 2019-02-19
Application number: 15/484,715
Filing date: 2017-04-11
Abstract: A photoconductor including a conductive support, an undercoat layer, a charge-generating layer, and a charge-transporting layer, at least the undercoat layer, the charge-generating layer, and the charge-transporting layer being disposed on the conductive support in an order mentioned, wherein the undercoat layer includes a binder resin and metal oxide particles, and the charge-generating layer includes a binder resin, a titanyl phthalocyanine pigment, and a salicylic acid derivative. A photoconductor including a conductive support, an undercoat layer, a charge-generating layer, and a charge-transporting layer, at least the undercoat layer, the charge-generating layer, and the charge-transporting layer being disposed on the conductive support in an order ...more ...less
16
US20190086825A1
Publication/Patent Number: US20190086825A1
Publication date: 2019-03-21
Application number: 16/092,013
Filing date: 2017-03-17
Abstract: An electrophotographic photosensitive member (1) includes a conductive substrate (2) and a photosensitive layer (3). The photosensitive layer (3) is a single-layer photosensitive layer containing at least a charge generating material, an electron transport material, a hole transport material, and a binder resin. The electron transport material includes a naphthoquinone derivative represented by general formula (1). An amount of triboelectric charge of calcium carbonate as measured by charging the calcium carbonate through friction with the photosensitive layer (3) is at least +7 μC/g. In general formula (1), R11 and R12 are respectively the same as R11 and R12 described in the description. An electrophotographic photosensitive member (1) includes a conductive substrate (2) and a photosensitive layer (3). The photosensitive layer (3) is a single-layer photosensitive layer containing at least a charge generating material, an electron transport material, a hole ...more ...less
17
US20190155203A1
Publication/Patent Number: US20190155203A1
Publication date: 2019-05-23
Application number: 16/253,685
Filing date: 2019-01-22
Inventor: Kidaka, Hiroyuki  
Abstract: An image forming apparatus includes an image bearing member, a charging member, an exposing device, a developing device, a transfer member, and a rubbing member. The image bearing member includes a plurality of recess portions on a surface thereof The rubbing member is configured to come into contact with the image bearing member to form a rubbing nip portion between the rubbing member and the image bearing member. The recess portions each have an opening portion whose maximum length in the rotational direction is 20 μm to 120 μm. When a linear speed of the image bearing member in the rubbing nip portion is S1 and a linear speed of the rubbing member in the same direction as the linear speed of the image bearing member in the rubbing nip portion is S2, a relationship of a linear speed ratio of S2/S1<1.0 is satisfied. An image forming apparatus includes an image bearing member, a charging member, an exposing device, a developing device, a transfer member, and a rubbing member. The image bearing member includes a plurality of recess portions on a surface thereof The rubbing member is ...more ...less
18
US20190163093A1
Publication/Patent Number: US20190163093A1
Publication date: 2019-05-30
Application number: 16/162,991
Filing date: 2018-10-17
Abstract: A tandem type electrophotographic image forming device using an organic photoreceptor, includes a plurality of image forming units each including at least: an electrostatic latent image former; a developer; a lubricant supplier; and a cleaner, wherein at least one combination composed of the two adjacent image forming units including toners having different colors satisfies the following formula (1) if a universal hardness of an organic photoreceptor A included in the image forming unit disposed on an upstream side is represented by Ha, and a universal hardness of an organic photoreceptor B included in the image forming unit disposed on a downstream side is represented by Hb. [Numerical formula 1] Hb−Ha≥10 N/mm2  (1) A tandem type electrophotographic image forming device using an organic photoreceptor, includes a plurality of image forming units each including at least: an electrostatic latent image former; a developer; a lubricant supplier; and a cleaner, wherein at least one combination ...more ...less
19
US10133198B2
Publication/Patent Number: US10133198B2
Publication date: 2018-11-20
Application number: 15/611,934
Filing date: 2017-06-02
Abstract: An electrophotographic photoreceptor includes a conductive substrate and a photosensitive layer, wherein an outermost layer contains a compound having a structure represented by general formula (I) below: where R1 and R2 each independently represent a C1-12 alkyl group or a C5-12 cycloalkyl group; R3 represents a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-6 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-6 alkoxyl group, a C6-20 aryl group or a heterocycle group; X and Z each represent a single bond or a C1-6 alkylene group which may be substituted; and Y represents a OCO group or COO group. A method for manufacturing the photoreceptor and an electrophotographic device including the photoreceptor are additionally provided. The electrophotographic photoreceptor provides sufficient stain resistance and is less affected by temperature and humidity environments while maintaining various advantageous characteristics of photoreceptors. An electrophotographic photoreceptor includes a conductive substrate and a photosensitive layer, wherein an outermost layer contains a compound having a structure represented by general formula (I) below: where R1 and R2 each independently represent ...more ...less
20
US10073365B2
Publication/Patent Number: US10073365B2
Publication date: 2018-09-11
Application number: 15/635,949
Filing date: 2017-06-28
Abstract: Provided is an electrophotographic photoreceptor including a conductive support, a photosensitive layer, and a surface protective layer disposed in sequence. The surface protective layer includes a cured product of a composition containing a polymerizable compound, a charge transporting material, and at least two polymerization initiators. The polymerization initiators include an acyl phosphine oxide and an O-acyl oxime. Provided is an electrophotographic photoreceptor including a conductive support, a photosensitive layer, and a surface protective layer disposed in sequence. The surface protective layer includes a cured product of a composition containing a polymerizable compound, a charge ...more ...less