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1
US10177357B2
Publication/Patent Number: US10177357B2
Publication date: 2019-01-08
Application number: 15/509,247
Filing date: 2015-09-07
Abstract: Provided is a method for producing a porous polyimide film with which it is possible to suppress the occurrence of curling in the polyimide-fine particle composite film obtained by firing the unfired composite film. The method for producing a porous polyimide film of the present invention includes, in the following order: forming an unfired composite film using a varnish that contains a resin including polyamide acid and/or polyimide, fine particles, and a solvent; immersing the unfired composite film in a solvent including water; firing the unfired composite film to obtain a polyimide-fine particle composite film; and removing the fine particles from the polyimide-fine particle composite film. Provided is a method for producing a porous polyimide film with which it is possible to suppress the occurrence of curling in the polyimide-fine particle composite film obtained by firing the unfired composite film. The method for producing a porous polyimide film of the present ...more ...less
2
US10177358B2
Publication/Patent Number: US10177358B2
Publication date: 2019-01-08
Application number: 15/517,818
Filing date: 2015-09-18
Abstract: A method for film production includes the steps of obtaining information on the position of a defect (D) in a separator (12a) and providing marks (LA, LB) at the respective positions in the vicinity of the defect (D), the marks indicating the position of the defect.
3
US10177359B2
Publication/Patent Number: US10177359B2
Publication date: 2019-01-08
Application number: 14/438,015
Filing date: 2014-03-20
Assignee: LG Chem, Ltd.
Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a separator for an electrochemical device with pores having predetermined diameter, permeation time, and tortuosity, to allow for smooth movement of lithium ions and a method for manufacturing the same, and smooth movement of lithium ions may be optimized by the separator for an electrochemical device. The present disclosure relates to a separator for an electrochemical device with pores having predetermined diameter, permeation time, and tortuosity, to allow for smooth movement of lithium ions and a method for manufacturing the same, and smooth movement of lithium ions may be ...more ...less
4
US10336843B2
Publication/Patent Number: US10336843B2
Publication date: 2019-07-02
Application number: 15/571,424
Filing date: 2017-03-06
Inventor: Hamada, Yoshiaki  
Abstract: An ultra-high molecular weight ethylene-based copolymer powder comprising: an ethylene unit and an α-olefin unit having 3 or more and 8 or less carbon atoms as structural units, wherein the ultra-high molecular weight ethylene-based copolymer powder has a viscosity-average molecular weight of 100,000 or more and 10,000,000 or less, a content of the α-olefin unit is 0.01 mol % or more and 0.10 mol % or less based on a total amount of the ethylene unit and the α-olefin unit, and in measurement with a differential scanning calorimeter under following conditions, an isothermal crystallization time is determined as a time from reaching 126° C. of Step A3 as a starting point (0 min) to giving an exothermic peak top due to crystallization and the isothermal crystallization time is 5 minutes or more. (Conditions for measurement of isothermal crystallization time) Step A1: holding at 50° C. for 1 minute and then an increase up to 180° C. at a temperature rise rate of 10° C./min, Step A2: holding at 180° C. for 30 minutes and then a decrease down to 126° C. at a temperature drop rate of 80° C./min, and Step A3: holding at 126° C. An ultra-high molecular weight ethylene-based copolymer powder comprising: an ethylene unit and an α-olefin unit having 3 or more and 8 or less carbon atoms as structural units, wherein the ultra-high molecular weight ethylene-based ...more ...less
5
US10340554B2
Publication/Patent Number: US10340554B2
Publication date: 2019-07-02
Application number: 15/266,732
Filing date: 2016-09-15
Inventor: Koep, Erik K.  
Assignee: S2 Batteries
Abstract: A method for fabricating intercalated lithium batteries in open air deposits a thin dense layer of amorphous solid-state lithium boride electrolyte directly onto a negative electrode via flame spray pyrolysis. In one embodiment, the negative electrode is attached to a prefabricated positive electrode via hot pressing (embossing), thus forming an intercalated lithium battery. The method significantly improves upon current methods of fabricating thin film solid state batteries by permitting fabrication without the aid of a controlled environment, thereby allowing for significantly cheaper fabrication than prior batch methods. A method for fabricating intercalated lithium batteries in open air deposits a thin dense layer of amorphous solid-state lithium boride electrolyte directly onto a negative electrode via flame spray pyrolysis. In one embodiment, the negative electrode is attached to a ...more ...less
6
US10364514B2
Publication/Patent Number: US10364514B2
Publication date: 2019-07-30
Application number: 14/905,443
Filing date: 2014-07-15
Assignee: SOLVAY SA
Abstract: The present invention pertains to a process for manufacturing one or more fluoropolymer fibers, said process comprising the following steps: (i) providing a liquid composition [composition (C1)] comprising: —at least one fluoropolymer comprising at least one hydroxyl end group [polymer (FOH)L and —a liquid medium comprising at least one organic solvent [solvent (S)]; (ii) contacting the composition (C1) provided in step (i) with at least one metal compound [compound (M)] of formula (I) here below: X4−mAYm (I) wherein X is a hydrocarbon group, optionally comprising one or more functional groups, m is an integer from 1 to 4, A is a metal selected from the group consisting of Si, Ti and Zr, and Y is a hydrolysable group selected from the group consisting of an alkoxy group, an acyloxy group and a hydroxyl group, thereby providing a liquid composition [composition (C2)]; (iii) submitting to at least partial hydrolysis and/or polycondensation the composition (C2) provided in step (ii) thereby providing a liquid composition [composition (C3)] comprising at least one fluoropolymer hybrid organic/inorganic composite; (iv) processing the composition (C3) provided in step (iii) by electrospinning thereby providing one or more fluoropolymer fibers; (v) drying the fluoropolymer fiber(s) provided in step (iv); and (vi) optionally, submitting to compression the fluoropolymer fiber(s) provided in step (v) at a temperature comprised between 50° C. and 300° C. The invention also pertains to a process for the manufacture of said fluoropolymer fiber(s) and to uses of said fluoropolymer fiber(s) in various applications. The present invention pertains to a process for manufacturing one or more fluoropolymer fibers, said process comprising the following steps: (i) providing a liquid composition [composition (C1)] comprising: —at least one fluoropolymer comprising at least one hydroxyl end ...more ...less
7
US10355258B2
Publication/Patent Number: US10355258B2
Publication date: 2019-07-16
Application number: 15/322,798
Filing date: 2015-03-25
Inventor: Mizuno, Naoki  
Abstract: A separator for batteries that achieves both adhesiveness to electrodes and low thermal shrinkage, which have been conventionally difficult to be compatible with each other, and has excellent ion permeability in order to further improve the safety of the separator, on the assumption that lithium ion secondary batteries are widely used for electric automobiles and the like, which require the batteries to withstand severe operating conditions. The separator for batteries is configured such that a modified porous layer containing a fluororesin and inorganic particles is laminated on at least one side of a porous membrane formed of a polyolefin resin. The content of the particles is equal to or more than 40% by volume and less than 70% volume with respect to the total of the fluororesin and the particles. The fluororesin has a crystallinity of equal to or more than 36% and less than 70%. A separator for batteries that achieves both adhesiveness to electrodes and low thermal shrinkage, which have been conventionally difficult to be compatible with each other, and has excellent ion permeability in order to further improve the safety of the separator, on the ...more ...less
8
US10355262B2
Publication/Patent Number: US10355262B2
Publication date: 2019-07-16
Application number: 14/850,644
Filing date: 2015-09-10
Abstract: The present invention relates to an electrode assembly and a battery pack having the same, which can reinforce strength of an electrode tab by a protection layer formed on at least one surface of each of a plurality of electrode tabs. The electrode assembly includes a first electrode plate having a plurality of first electrode tabs extending and protruding to one side, a second electrode plate having a plurality of second electrode tabs extending and protruding to one side, and a separator interposed between the first electrode plate and the second electrode plate. The first electrode plate may further include a first protection layer formed on one surface of each of the plurality of first electrode tabs. The present invention relates to an electrode assembly and a battery pack having the same, which can reinforce strength of an electrode tab by a protection layer formed on at least one surface of each of a plurality of electrode tabs. The electrode assembly includes a first ...more ...less
9
US10355281B2
Publication/Patent Number: US10355281B2
Publication date: 2019-07-16
Application number: 15/405,410
Filing date: 2017-01-13
Abstract: This invention relates to a conductive paste for lithium-ion battery positive electrodes and a mixture paste for a lithium ion battery positive electrode that have an easy-to-apply viscosity, even when a relatively small amount of a dispersion resin is incorporated. More specifically, the invention provides a conductive paste for lithium-ion battery positive electrodes, the conductive paste comprising a dispersion resin (A), conductive carbon (B), and a solvent (C), the dispersion resin (A) containing a resin (A1), the resin (A1) containing, as one constituent component, a polymerizable unsaturated group-containing monomer (A1-1) represented by a specific formula. This invention relates to a conductive paste for lithium-ion battery positive electrodes and a mixture paste for a lithium ion battery positive electrode that have an easy-to-apply viscosity, even when a relatively small amount of a dispersion resin is incorporated. More ...more ...less
10
US10388930B2
Publication/Patent Number: US10388930B2
Publication date: 2019-08-20
Application number: 15/316,841
Filing date: 2015-05-28
Inventor: Sasaki, Tomokazu  
Abstract: Disclosed is a laminate for non-aqueous secondary battery which includes a water-soluble polymer-containing functional layer and an adhesive layer adjacently disposed on the functional layer, and which can suppress reductions in peel strength of a battery member including the laminate while allowing the functional layer to exert its expected function. The disclosed laminate includes a functional layer containing functional particles and a water-soluble polymer, and an adhesive layer adjacently disposed on the functional layer, wherein a film obtained by shaping of the water-soluble polymer has a water drop contact angle of 30° to 80°. Disclosed is a laminate for non-aqueous secondary battery which includes a water-soluble polymer-containing functional layer and an adhesive layer adjacently disposed on the functional layer, and which can suppress reductions in peel strength of a battery member including the ...more ...less
11
US10388954B2
Publication/Patent Number: US10388954B2
Publication date: 2019-08-20
Application number: 15/390,781
Filing date: 2016-12-27
Abstract: An olivine-type positive active material for a lithium battery, a lithium battery having the olivine-type positive active material, and a method of manufacturing the olivine-type positive active material are provided. The olivine-type positive active material includes a plurality of particles represented by LixMyM′zXO4-wBw. M and M′ are independently an element selected from the group consisting of Fe, Ni, Co, Mn, Cr, Zr, Nb, Cu, V, Mo, Ti, Zn, Al, Ga, Mg, B, and the combination thereof, X is one element selected from the group consisting of P, As, Bi, Sb, and the combination thereof, B is one element selected from the group consisting of F, S, and the combination thereof, 0<x≤1, 0<y≤1, 0<z≤1, 0<x+y+z≤2, and 0≤w≤0.5. The particle is a secondary particle having a plurality of primary particles, a first carbon coating layer is on the surface of the primary particle and a second carbon coating layer is on the surface of the secondary particle, and carbon is dispersed inside the primary particle. An olivine-type positive active material for a lithium battery, a lithium battery having the olivine-type positive active material, and a method of manufacturing the olivine-type positive active material are provided. The olivine-type positive active material includes a ...more ...less
12
US10388960B2
Publication/Patent Number: US10388960B2
Publication date: 2019-08-20
Application number: 15/657,893
Filing date: 2017-07-24
Abstract: A non-aqueous electrolyte battery is provided that shows good cycle performance and good storage performance under high temperature conditions and exhibits high reliability even with a battery configuration featuring high capacity. A method of manufacturing the battery is also provided. A non-aqueous electrolyte battery includes: a positive electrode having a positive electrode active material layer containing a positive electrode active material; a negative electrode having a negative electrode active material layer containing a negative electrode active material; a separator interposed between the positive electrode and the negative electrode; an electrode assembly including the positive electrode, the negative electrode, and the separator; and a non-aqueous electrolyte impregnated in the electrode assembly, characterized in that: the positive electrode active material contains at least cobalt or manganese; and a coating layer is formed on a surface of the negative electrode active material layer, the coating layer including filler particles and a binder. A non-aqueous electrolyte battery is provided that shows good cycle performance and good storage performance under high temperature conditions and exhibits high reliability even with a battery configuration featuring high capacity. A method of manufacturing the battery is also ...more ...less
13
US10388987B2
Publication/Patent Number: US10388987B2
Publication date: 2019-08-20
Application number: 16/047,130
Filing date: 2018-07-27
Abstract: Articles, compositions, and methods involving ionically conductive compounds are provided. The disclosed ionically conductive compounds may be incorporated into an electrochemical cell (e.g., a lithium-sulfur electrochemical cell, a lithium-ion electrochemical cell, an intercalated-cathode based electrochemical cell) as, for example, a protective layer for an electrode, a solid electrolyte layer, and/or any other appropriate component within the electrochemical cell. In certain embodiments, electrode structures and/or methods for making electrode structures including a layer comprising an ionically conductive compound described herein are provided. Articles, compositions, and methods involving ionically conductive compounds are provided. The disclosed ionically conductive compounds may be incorporated into an electrochemical cell (e.g., a lithium-sulfur electrochemical cell, a lithium-ion electrochemical cell, an ...more ...less
14
US10396398B2
Publication/Patent Number: US10396398B2
Publication date: 2019-08-27
Application number: 15/452,031
Filing date: 2017-03-07
Abstract: A secondary battery includes a cathode; an anode; and an electrolyte between the cathode and the anode, wherein the electrolyte includes a first electrolyte layer including a first polymer, a first lithium salt, and a first particle inorganic material having an average particle diameter (D50) of less than 500 nm; and a second electrolyte layer including a second polymer, a second lithium salt, and a second particle inorganic material having an average particle diameter (D50) of 500 nm or greater, wherein the first electrolyte layer is disposed in a direction facing the anode. A secondary battery includes a cathode; an anode; and an electrolyte between the cathode and the anode, wherein the electrolyte includes a first electrolyte layer including a first polymer, a first lithium salt, and a first particle inorganic material having an average particle ...more ...less
15
US10396404B2
Publication/Patent Number: US10396404B2
Publication date: 2019-08-27
Application number: 15/055,491
Filing date: 2016-02-26
Abstract: An electrochemical cell includes a negative electrode having a first liquid phase having a first active metal, a positive electrode having a second liquid phase having a second active metal, and a liquid electrolyte having a salt of the first active metal and a salt of the second active metal. The electrochemical cell also includes a bipolar faradaic membrane, disposed between the negative electrode and the positive electrode, having a first surface facing the negative electrode and a second surface facing the positive electrode. The bipolar faradaic membrane is configured to allow cations of the first active metal to pass through and to impede cations of the second active metal from transferring from the positive electrode to the negative electrode and is at least partially formed from a material having an electronic conductivity sufficient to drive faradaic reactions at the second surface with the cations of the positive electrode. An electrochemical cell includes a negative electrode having a first liquid phase having a first active metal, a positive electrode having a second liquid phase having a second active metal, and a liquid electrolyte having a salt of the first active metal and a salt of the ...more ...less
16
US10396327B2
Publication/Patent Number: US10396327B2
Publication date: 2019-08-27
Application number: 15/623,270
Filing date: 2017-06-14
Abstract: Glass-fiber mats for lead-acid batteries are described. The glass-fiber mats may include a plurality of glass fibers held together with a binder. The binder may be made from a binder composition that includes (i) an acid resistant polymer, and (ii) a hydrophilic agent. The hydrophilic agent increases the wettability of the glass-fiber mat such that the glass-fiber mat forms a contact angle with water or aqueous sulfuric acid solution of 70° or less. Also described are methods of making the glass-fiber mats that include applying a binder composition to the glass fibers, and including a hydrophilic agent in the glass fiber mat that increases the wettability of the mat. The hydrophilic agent may be added to the binder composition, applied to the glass-fiber mat, or both. Glass-fiber mats for lead-acid batteries are described. The glass-fiber mats may include a plurality of glass fibers held together with a binder. The binder may be made from a binder composition that includes (i) an acid resistant polymer, and (ii) a hydrophilic agent. The ...more ...less
17
US10361415B2
Publication/Patent Number: US10361415B2
Publication date: 2019-07-23
Application number: 15/129,155
Filing date: 2015-03-03
Abstract: A separator for electricity storage devices which comprises: a base comprising a porous film; and a thermoplastic polymer arranged on at least one surface of the base. The thermoplastic polymer has a dispersion (σ2), defined by the following numerical equation using the areas (Si) of Voronoi polygons obtained by Voronoi tessellation, of 0.01-0.7. (In the equation, Si is the measured area of each Voronoi polygon, m is an average of the measured areas of the Voronoi polygons, and n is the total number of the Voronoi polygons). A separator for electricity storage devices which comprises: a base comprising a porous film; and a thermoplastic polymer arranged on at least one surface of the base. The thermoplastic polymer has a dispersion (σ2), defined by the following numerical equation using the ...more ...less
18
US10361418B2
Publication/Patent Number: US10361418B2
Publication date: 2019-07-23
Application number: 15/627,629
Filing date: 2017-06-20
Abstract: To afford a laminated body that is usable as a nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery separator and that is not easily curled, a laminated body includes: a porous base material containing a polyolefin-based resin as a main component; and a porous layer containing a polyvinylidene fluoride-based resin, the porous base material having a temperature rise ending period of a particular value with respect to the amount of resin per unit area, the polyvinylidene fluoride-based resin containing crystal form α in an amount of not less than 36 mol % with respect to 100 mol % of a total amount of the crystal form α and crystal form β contained in the polyvinylidene fluoride-based resin. To afford a laminated body that is usable as a nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery separator and that is not easily curled, a laminated body includes: a porous base material containing a polyolefin-based resin as a main component; and a porous layer containing a ...more ...less
19
US10193116B2
Publication/Patent Number: US10193116B2
Publication date: 2019-01-29
Application number: 14/652,018
Filing date: 2013-12-11
Abstract: The present invention relates generally to electrochemical energy storage devices such as Li-ion batteries, and more particularly to a method of providing uniform ceramic coatings with controlled thicknesses for separators in such storage devices. Some embodiments of the invention utilize a layer by layer coating of nano/micro-sized particles dispersed in a solvent, which can be aqueous or non-aqueous. Other embodiments of the invention utilize a dry process such as PVD for depositing a ceramic film on a porous polyolefin separator. According to certain aspects of the invention, advantages of this approach include the ability to achieve a denser more uniform film with better controlled thickness with less waste and higher yield than current ceramic coating technology. An advantage of a ceramic coated separator is increased safety of cells. The present invention relates generally to electrochemical energy storage devices such as Li-ion batteries, and more particularly to a method of providing uniform ceramic coatings with controlled thicknesses for separators in such storage devices. Some embodiments of the ...more ...less
20
US10193120B2
Publication/Patent Number: US10193120B2
Publication date: 2019-01-29
Application number: 14/432,692
Filing date: 2014-11-04
Assignee: LG CHEM, LTD.
Abstract: The present disclosure improves a quality of the secondary battery by minimizing a size of the adhesion layer between the electrode and the separator to improve the transfer of lithium ions of which movement was obstructed by the adhesion layer.